Flower NameExacum affine
Formal NameExacum affine
Alias紅姫竜胆, Exacum affine, Persian violet, Exacum, ソコトラ・バイオレット
HabitatSocotra Archipelago in Yemen
MorphNon-Hardy for many years the grass
Exacum affine(scientific name: Exacum affine) is an endemic species of Socotra island in Yemen and is non-cold-resistant perennial of the family Gentianacea. Speaking of exzacum, it refers to Exacum affine. In Socotra Island, it grows naturally in the rocky place and is called "Socotra violet". Cultivation was done all over the world, and came to Japan around 1928. Leaves are small, hard and shiny. Blue purple corolla splits 4 to 6 at the tip and contrast with yellow anther is beautiful. It is well branched, and from early summer to autumn, small flowers are bloomed from the axil to the next one. Fragrance emanates at the time of flowering. Affine of species pedophilus means "approximate". There are also white flower varieties and double double flowers. Exacum affine 'White rococo' is a double flowering variety of double flowers.
Common name: Exacum , Scientific name: Exacum affine , aka: Pacifica violet , the place of origin: Yemen, environment: a rocky place, an ecotype: Perennial plant, height of a rice plant: 20-30cm, a leaf color: Strong green, leaf shape: Ovoid, a phyllotaxis: Anti-life, a leaf relationship: All relationships, flower diameter: 1-2 cm, a color of a flower: Bluish violet, blue, white, anther color : Yellow, The way of blooming of the flower: single or double, anthesis: From June to October.
Flower typeActinomorphic Flower
Flower arraySolitary Inflorescence
Leaf typeBroad ovate Leaf
Leaf edgeEntire Fringe
Flowering placeGarden Pot flower
ColorBlue, Violet, White
SeasonJun Jul Aug Sep Oct
Height20 ~ 30 [cm]
Diameter1.5 ~ 2