Flower Database

Dutchman's pipe

Basic information
Flower Name
Dutchman's pipe
Formal Name
Monotropa hypopithys
Dutchman's pipe, false beech-drops, 錫杖草, 錫杖花
Temperate regions of the northern hemisphere
perennial grass
Dutchman's pipe (Monotropa hypopithys) is a perennial grass of the Monotropa genus of the Ericaceae family native to the temperate region of the Northern Hemisphere. The plant height is low. It is a plant feels like brownish red ginseng (gin dragon). It grows naturally in the shade of forests and hillsides. It is a rotten plant (mycorrhizal plants) that grows as a noumeume with an appearance that it looks like mushrooming with mushrooms. In the summer, extend the racemph of the stem from the tip of the stem and attach several bell-shaped corollas downwards. Flower name was given because its appearance is similar to monk and a staff (handshake with ring) held by the examiner. As you bloom, flowers will gradually turn upward. By the time you put the fruit it will be straightened and the fruits will stand up as you stand up. Normal plants have chlorophyll and use them to produce nutrients themselves and live. For that garden, decay plants like this species do not have chlorophyll and can not produce nutrition by themselves. Therefore, we live by absorbing the rest of the nutrients of the dead leaves which mycelial roots near the root surface decompose. Also, because there is no chlorophyll in the whole grass, it is light brown.
Common name: Dutchman's pipe, Scientific name: Monotropa hypopithys, aka: Shakujosoh, false beech-drops,distribution: Hokkaido - Kyushu, Environment: mountainous damp place, grass length: 10 to 20 cm, leaves: degenerate to scale leaves, scaly leaves: broad ovoid, leaf order: alternate, inflorescence: rhetorical inflorescence, flower color : Light brown to brown, petals: 4, 5, flowering period: June to August, petal shape: long ellipse, flower length: 1.2 to 1.5 cm, flower diameter: 0.5 to 0.6 cm, stamens number: 8, fruits : Fruit, broad oval, fruit diameter: 0.5 cm.
Detailed information
M hypopithys
Flower type
Actinomorphic Flower
Flower array
Racemous Inflorescence
Petal shape
Leaf type
Broad ovate Leaf
Leaf edge
Flowering place
Low mountain
Jun Jul Aug
10  ~ 20  [cm]
0.5  ~ 0.6