Abies firma

  • Abies firma_img_0
    Abies firma @ Kyoto Botanical Garden
  • Abies firma_img_1
    Abies firma @ Kyoto Botanical Garden
  • Abies firma_img_2
    Abies firma @ Kyoto Botanical Garden
  • Abies firma_img_3
    Abies firma @ Akatsuka Botanical Garden

Basic information

Flower Name
Abies firma
Formal Name
Abies firma
Alias
Abies firma, momi fir
Habitat
endemic species of Japan
Morph
evergreen coniferous tree

Comment

What is Abies firma

Abies firma or momi fir (scientific name: Abies firma) is an endemic species of Japan and is an evergreen coniferous tree in the family Pinaceae. In the spring, yellow tufted male flowers bloom on the previous year's branches. The female flower has a green upright oval flower at the top of the previous branch. Pollen scatters from male flowers. Large cylindrical cones form after the flowers and ripen in October. Fir trees have a strong Christmas tree image, but in Europe German spruce (scientific name: Picea abies) is used. Fir is weak in air pollution, strong solar radiation and west sunshine, and its durability is poor due to its softness.

Generic name: fir, scientific name: Abies firma, also name: momi fir, Origin: Japan, Distribution: Tohoku, Kyushu to Yakushima in Japan, Tree height: 15 to 40 m, trunk diameter: 1.5 m, leaf shape: linear, leaf length: 2 to 3 cm, dioecious, dioecious, flowering period: April to May, flower color: yellow-green, flowery Shape: caudate, fruit shape: cone (pine cone), cone length: 10-15 cm, cone diameter: 3-5 cm, use: Christmas tree, symbol tree, western garden.

Detailed information

Order
Pinales
Family
Pinaceae
Genus
Abies
Species
A. firma
Flower type
Other
Flower array
Pollen Cone
Petal shape
catkin
Leaf type
Aciculate
Leaf edge
Entire Fringe
Flowering place
Botanic gardenpark
Color
Green, Yellow
Season
AprMay
Height
1500 ~ 4000 [cm]
Diameter
0.2 ~ 0.3

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