Flower Database

Artichoke

Basic information
Flower Name
Artichoke
Formal Name
Cynara scolymus
Alias
朝鮮アザミ, Globe artichoke, Artichoke
Habitat
The Mediterranean coast
Morph
Large Perennial grass
Comment
Artichoke , scientific name: Cynara scolymus , is native to the Mediterranean coast and is a large perennial of the family Asteraceae. The stems are thick, the leaves are large and there are deep jagged edges on the leaf edges. In the summer a purple flower resembling a thistleless Cirsium japonicum makell bloom. In Europe, boiled young buds are edible. In Japan, it is mainly for ornamental use, there is no custom to eat at ordinary households, but rarely it is served at a restaurant. It is produced and shipped in Osaka etc. Jerusalem artichoke is named artichoke however is a plant of another genus.
Generic name: artichoke, scientific name: Cynara scolymus, aka: Korean thistle, Globe artichoke, origin: Mediterranean coast, Living type: perennial plant 150-200 cm, leaf, small feather-shaped leaves: leaf blade: 50 cm how leaves: alternate leaf margin: deep jagged, radial symmetry , inflorescence: single terminal inflorescences, squeezing: tubular petals number: many flower diameter: 10 cm, flowering time: June to September , flower color: purple buds: 10-1 5 cm, use: young buds, edible (season May to June). Stems, leaves and flowers shrubbery flower grass herb and salad, herbal medicine.
Detailed information
Order
Asterales
Family
Asteraceae
Genus
Cynara
Species
C. scolymus
Flower type
Actinomorphic Flower
Flower array
Solitary Inflorescence
Petal shape
Tubular
Leaf type
Pinnate
Leaf edge
Serrated
Flowering place
field Botanic garden
Color
Violet
Season
Jun Jul Aug Sep
Height
150  ~ 200  [cm]
Diameter
10  ~ 15