Berberis thunbergii

  • Berberis thunbergii_img_0
    Berberis thunbergii @ Hakobe Botanical Garden
  • Berberis thunbergii_img_1
    Berberis thunbergii @ Hakobe Botanical Garden
  • Berberis thunbergii_img_2
    Berberis thunbergii @ Hakobe Botanical Garden

Basic information

Flower Name
Berberis thunbergii
Formal Name
Berberis thunbergii
Alias
Berberis thunbergii, Japanese barberry, red barberry
Habitat
Japan
Morph
deciduous shrub

Comment

What is Berberis thunbergii

Berberis thunbergii, Japanese barberry, or Thunberg's barberry (scientific name: Berberis thunbergii) is a deciduous shrub of the family Berberidaceae, native to Japan. It is native to the mountains of Tohoku, Shikoku, and Kyushu. It has sharp thorns at the base of its leaves that make it difficult to handle. In spring, it produces two to four small, pale yellow, six-petaled flowers with inflorescences growing out of short branches. In autumn it produces oval red berries.
The same species, Red-pedicel Baeberry (scientific name: Berberis sanguinea), is a native of China and has been used as a hedge plant for It is an evergreen shrub.

Common name: Berberis thunbergii, scientific name: Berberis thunbergii, alias: Japanese barberry, Thunberg's barberry, red barberry, Place of origin: Japan, Tree height: 2m, Branch: with sharp spines; leaflets: alternate or bunchy; leaf shape: ovoid, Leaf length: 1-5 cm, leaf margin: entire margin, leaf color: green to reddish brown, Inflorescence: 2 to 4 6-petaled flowers in general or scattered inflorescences, Flowering place: short branches, Flower color: pale yellow, Flowering time: April-May, Crown diameter: 0.6 cm, sepals: 6, petals: 6, stamens: 6, pistils: 1, fruit stage: October-November, fruit type: liquid fruit, fruit colour: red, fruit shape: oval, fruit length: 0.7-1 cm, use: hedge, garden tree, park tree.

Detailed information

Order
Ranales
Family
Berberidaceae
Genus
Berberis
Species
B. thunbergii
Flower type
Actinomorphic Flower
Flower array
Umbel
Petal shape
six
Leaf type
Lanceolate
Leaf edge
Serrated
Flowering place
Color
Yellow
Season
Height
200 ~ 300 [cm]
Diameter
0.6 ~ 0.6

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