Flower Database

Alfalfa

Basic information
Flower Name
Alfalfa
Formal Name
Medicago sativa
Alias
Alfalfa, Lucerne, Medicago sativa, 紫馬肥
Habitat
Europe and Central Asia
Morph
leaves-related perennial plant
Comment
Alfalfa, scientific name:Medicago sativa, is a deciduous perennial vegetables and herbs of the Medicago genus , of the Fabaceae department naturalized from Central Asia. Flower racemes, Purple Butterfly-shaped flowers bloom in the summer. Shoot raw vegetables, pastures and horse also called King of the pasture. Alfalfa contains protein and various vitamins, carotene, and anti-inflammatory effect on arthritis, cystitis, anti-cancer effects of carcinogenic food, fatigue, gastrointestinal effects, etc. are said. That horses eat forage high in calories because it was named master. Dried leaves of green tea.
Seed is used to dye yellow.
Generic name: alfalfa, scientific name: Medicago sativa, aka: Lucerne, mokushku, Place of origin: Central Asian, European, height: 40-100 cm, root: length (10 m), or form of the stem: hollow, phyllotaxis: alternate, leaf color: green, leaf: Discover 3 palmately compound leaves, flowers: racemes, Corolla: Butterfly-shaped, color: purple, flowering: June-August, flower length: 0.7-1 cm, fruit types: real hard, Fruit shape:beans fruit, seed long: 0.1 cm, applications: grass, sprout, herbal tea, dye.
Detailed information
Order
Fabales
Family
Fabaceae
Genus
Medicago
Species
M. sativa
Flower type
Actinomorphic Flower
Flower array
Racemous Inflorescence
Petal shape
Butterfly
Leaf type
Ternate-Compound Leaf
Leaf edge
Serrated
Flowering place
Color
Violet
Season
Jun Jul Aug
Height
40  ~ 100  [cm]
Diameter
0.7  ~ 1