Chinese fir tree

  • Chinese fir tree_img_0
    Chinese fir tree @ Kyoto Botanical Garden
  • Chinese fir tree_img_1
    Chinese fir tree @ Kyoto Botanical Garden
  • Chinese fir tree_img_2
    Chinese fir tree @ Kyoto Botanical Garden
  • Chinese fir tree_img_3
    Chinese fir tree @ Kyoto Botanical Garden
  • Chinese fir tree_img_4
    Chinese fir tree @ Tokyo Metropolitan Jindai Botanical Park

Basic information

Flower Name
Chinese fir tree
Formal Name
Cunninghamia lanceolata
Evergreen coniferous tall tree


What is Chinese fir tree

Chinese fir tree (Scientific name: Cunninghamia lanceolata) is known as Cedar representing the Chinese Department of Chinese FIR Chamaecyparis species Chinese FIR Evergreen coniferous trees. And erect stem, has a large cone-shaped Crown. Bark black with vertical gaps. In the long lanceolate leaves a flat tip acute poison spike 2 columns form the pinnately compound leaves. There are fine serrated leaf edge. Monoecious with male tufted branches, and the female only occurs. And bloom in the spring, will be ovoid acorns in the fall. Brown and green berries ripen branches each fall.From termite-resistant so the brittle material is planted as the trees of Park trees and shrines in Japan not used in building materials and furniture.

Common name: Chinese fir tree, Scientific name:Cunninghamia lanceolata, Other name Canton SG (Kanto Cedar), Ryukyu Cedar, Holland FIR, Place of Origin: China, Living Type: Evergreen Coniferous Tall Trees, Growth: Low density and prone to breakage, due to fast, Crown: broad conical; trunk: upright; height: 20-30 m; trunk diameter: 1 m; bark: black-brown and longitudinally lobed, Leaf color: dark green, leaf shape: lanceolate, long, Inflorescence: alternate, leaf blade: 3-6 cm, leaf shape: flattened and long-lanceolate, acutely pointed with two rows of pinnate compound leaves, leaf margin: finely serrated, Flowering time: April, dioecious, dioecious, inflorescence diameter: 5~6 cm, male flowers: light brown tubular (long oval) flowers clustered together at the ends of branches, male flowers length: 1 cm, dioecious, Female flowers: single, yellow-green, ovoid, spherical with a head at the tip of the branch; female flowers: 3-4 cm long; fruit: hard-packed, Fruit shape: ovoid and winged, fruiting season: October-November, cone: 3-5 cm, the whole branch falls off when ripe. A bud emerges from a broken branch, Cone Color: Green to brown; Seeds: Flattened, oval, yellowish brown with wings (3 per fruit scale), Remarks: Has broad leaves similar to cedar, uses: park trees, shrine trees, furniture (white ant resistant but with low wood density).

Detailed information

C. lanceolata
Flower type
Actinomorphic Flower
Flower array
Solitary Inflorescence
Petal shape
Leaf type
pinnately compound
Leaf edge
Flowering place
Botanic garden
Green, Orange
20 ~ 30 [cm]
5 ~ 6

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