Formal NameHyoscyamus niger l.
Morphannual or two-year herb
Henbane (Scientific name: Hyoscyamus niger) is Eurasian native, and is an annual or two-year herb in the Solanaceae family. Grown for medicinal purposes. From spring to summer, flower stems are released from axiles, and flowers that have a dark purple vein at the base and bloom on the side. The crown is a bell-tube type with five split tips. It is used as a manufacturing material for atropine sulfate, which is a material for painkillers, but since all herbs have strong toxicity such as hallucinations, care should be taken in general.
Generic name: Henbane, Scientific name: Hyoscyamus niger L., aka: henbane, Origin: Eurasian continent, Living type: One-year grass , Plant height: 0.5 to 1 m, Foliage: Oval, feathery, split, phylogeny: Alternate, Leaf Height: 20 to 30 cm, Leaf edge: Wavy, Petal: No, Leaves hold stem, Flower color: The petals are grayish yellow and dark purple at the base, flowering stage: May-July, flower shape: bell-tube type with 5 crests, flower diameter: 2-4 cm, flowering direction: sideways, flowering area : Leaf axillary, Fruiting stage: Autumn, Fruit type: Gum, Fruit type: Oval, Fruit: Wrapped in ax, Seed color: Grayish brown, Remarks: Strong toxicity that causes loss of symptoms including hyoscyamine in whole grass
Flower typeActinomorphic Flower
Flower arraySolitary Inflorescence
Leaf typePalmate-Compound Leaf
SeasonMay Jun Jul
Height50 ~ 100 [cm]
Diameter2 ~ 4