Matricaria chamomilla

  • Matricaria chamomilla_img_0
    Matricaria chamomilla @ Koishikawa Botanical Garden
  • Matricaria chamomilla_img_1
    Matricaria chamomilla @ Nagano prefecture

Basic information

Flower Name
Matricaria chamomilla
Formal Name
Matricaria chamomilla
Alias
German Chamomile, Chamomile, Kamille, German Chamomile
Habitat
North Asia from Europe.
Morph
cold-resistant annual grass

Comment

Chamomilla, Matricaria chamomilla or German chamomile (Scientific name: Matricaria chamomilla) is native to Europe and North Asia and is a cold-resistant annual grass of the Asteraceae. In Europe it is known as a panacea herb. The head flower resembling small chrysanthemum consists of surrounding white tongue-shaped flowers (petals) and a yellow tubular flower in the center. Over time, the surrounding petals hang and the yellow part of the center rises. Flowers are raw or dried and drunk as herbal tea. There are a bit of apple incense and bitterness in taste. As medicinal herbs, it is used all over the world from ancient times to modern times. Chamomile tea is also known as a companion plants to activate other plants by planting nearby like marigold. The English name "Chamomile" originates from the Latin "chamai (of the earth)" + "melon (apple)" and is based on the fact that the flower has an apple incense. The language of flowers is "reconciliation" and "to resist adversity." The scientific name "Matricaria" is a Latin word "uterus" because it has effects on gynecology. The species name "chamomilla" is the Latin word "chamai" (low ground of ground) + melon "meaning smelling like an apple" as explained in English.

Common name: Chamomile, Scientific name: Matricaria chamomilla, Synonym: Matricaria recutita, also known as German Chamomile,Place of Origin: Europe - North Asia, Plant Length: 30 - 60 cm, Leaf Shape: Feathery Compound , Flower color: white, flower size: 1 to 2 cm, flowering period: February to October.

Detailed information

Order
Asterales
Family
Asteraceae
Genus
Matricaria
Species
M. chamomilla
Flower language
A reconciliation (Feb 14, Nov 03)
Flower type
Actinomorphic Flower
Flower array
Solitary Inflorescence
Petal shape
capitate corolla
Leaf type
pinnately compound
Leaf edge
Serrated
Flowering place
Garden
Color
White
Season
FebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOct
Height
30 ~ 60 [cm]
Diameter
1 ~ 2

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