Cattleya trianae｜Colombia's national flower
- Flower nameCattleya trianae｜Colombia's national flower
- Scientific nameCattleya trianae
- Aliasカトレア・トリアナエ, Flor de Mayo
- Place of originColombia
- Place of floweringGreenhouse, Overseas
- Flowering seasonJanuary, February, December
What is Cattleya trianae｜Colombia's national flower
Cattleya trianae (scientific name: Cattleya trianae) is a non cold-tolerant perennial epiphytic orchid of the genus Cattleya in the family Orchidaceae, native to Colombia, and was selected as the national flower of Colombia in 1936.
Colombia's high altitude and fog cover most of the year, and this orchid grows on trees at 1,200 meters above sea level.
Colombia is a tropical/subtropical highland located near the equator, with long hours of sunshine and a large temperature difference between day and night, making it possible to cultivate flowers all year round. It is also called "Flor de Mayo" (May flower) or "Lilio de mayo" (May lily) because it blooms even in May in its native area.
The herb is about 30 cm tall, and the leaves are oblong-elliptic and all-emarginate. The flowers are 10-15 cm in diameter and strongly fragrant. The petals are broad and basically pink in color, but white flowers (C. trianaei var. semialba) are also available. The lip petals are tubular and dark in color.
The genus name "Cattleya" is a dedication to the British orchid collector William Cattley, and the species name "trianae" comes from the Colombian botanist Dr. José Jeronimo Triana. It was selected as the national flower of Colombia because of its lip petal color, which is the yellow, blue, and red of the national flag.
Common name: Cattleya trianae, scientific name: Cattleya trianae, subname: May flower, origin: Colombia, height: 30 cm, leaf shape: oblong, leaf texture: leathery, leaf blade length: 30 cm, petal color. Pink (basic species), white flowers (C. trianaei var. semialba 'Trenton', etc.), lip petal color: dark peach, flowers: fragrant, flower diameter: 15-20 cm, flowering season: December to February (Japan), origin (year-round).