Silver orchid

Cephalanthera erecta

  • Silver orchid
  • Silver orchid
  • Flower name
    Silver orchid
  • Scientific name
    Cephalanthera erecta
  • Alias銀蘭, Ginran, The erect cephalanthera, The silver orchid
  • Place of originKorea, China and Japan
  • Place of floweringFields and footpaths, Botanical Gardens, Low mountains
  • Flowering seasonApril, May
  • Language of flowersQuiet Lady

What is Silver orchid

Silver orchid called Gin-ran, Erect cephalanthera, or Cephalanthera erecta (scientific name: Cephalanthera erecta) is a perennial plant of the genus Cephalanthera of the family Orchidaceae native to Japan, the Korean peninsula, and China. It is an above-ground orchid with low plant height that grows naturally in the forest border and bright forests of Hokkaido to Kyushu in Japan. From the flower stalk, 3 to 6 leaves with long oval and clear veins are emitted alternately. The leaves hold the stems.
In spring, it brings out flower stems between the leaves and blooms a few small white flowers in the ascending inflorescence extending from the tip. The flowers are half open and do not open completely. The corolla is orchid-shaped and consists of 3 pieces and 3 petals. The tip of the lip flaps three. The capsule is achieved after the flower.
It is called Gin-ran, contrasting it with Golden Orchid(Kin-ran,scientific name: Cephalanthera falcata) blooming at the same time. In the same genus, there are Sasaba-ginran (Azalea ginran) whose leaves are in the form of leaves and flowers are white. Sasabaginlan is taller than silver orchid(Gin-ran), and leaves appear above inflorescence or at the same height, and the spur is long.

Common name: Gin-ran , Scientific name: Cephalanthera erecta, aka: The silver orchid, Tthe erect cephalanthera, Cephalanthera erecta, Distribution: Hokkaido to Kyushu in Japan, Living environment: forest edge and bright forest, living type: perennial, height of plant height: 15 to 30 cm, leaf shape: long ellipse, number of leaves: 3 to 6, leaves: harvest stalks with each other, leaf length: 5 cm , Leaf vein: clear, leaf margin: entire, flower color: white, flower diameter: 0.5 to 1 cm, flower crown: orchid type, lip tip: 3 clefts, flower blooming appearance: half open and not full open, flower composition 3 of calyx and three petals, flowering period: April to May.


  • Eye
    Asparagales
  • Family
    Orchidaceae
  • Genus
    Cephalanthera
  • Species
    C. erecta
  • Type of flower
    Left-right symmetrical flower
  • Array of flower
    Spikelet inflorescence
  • Petal shape
    Orchid shape
  • Leaf type
    oblong
  • Edge of the leaf
    All edges
  • Life typeperennial grass, Orchid
  • Flower colorsWhite
  • Colors of the leavesGreen
  • Fruit colorGreen
  • Height15.0 ~ 30.0 cm
  • Diameter of flower0.5 ~ 1.0 cm

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