Ficus elastica

Ficus elastica

  • Ficus elastica
  • Ficus elastica
  • Flower name
    Ficus elastica
  • Scientific name
    Ficus elastica
  • AliasFicus elastica, フィカス・エラスティカ, ゴムノキ, 絞め殺しの木, アッサムゴム, rubber tree, インドゴム
  • Place of origintropical Asia, including India, Sumatra and the Malay Peninsula
  • Place of floweringOrnamental plants
  • Flowering seasonMarch

What is Ficus elastica

Ficus elastica or rubber tree(scientific name: Ficus elastica) is a non-hardy evergreen broad-leaved tree of the genus Ficus in the mulberry family, native to tropical Asia, including India, Sumatra and the Malay Peninsula. It is also called simply rubber tree, Ficus elastica in scientific name, and strangling tree in reality.
Like the banyan tree, it grows to a height of 30 meters and has aerial roots that support the body of the tree. It is also known as the strangling tree. The leaves are elliptic, cortical, shiny, and beautifully veined, and are used as roadside trees, garden trees, and ornamental plants. It used to be actively cultivated because of the natural rubber it produces from its sap, but in recent years it has been replaced by the better quality and higher yielding Euphorbiaceae. The language of flowers is "everlasting happiness.


  • Order
    Rosales
  • Family
    Moraceae
  • Genus
    Ficus
  • Species
    F. elastica
  • Type of flower
    Other
  • Array of flower
    Fig-shaped inflorescence
  • Petal shape
    without
  • Leaf type
    Oval
  • Edge of the leaf
    All edges
  • Life typenon-hardy evergreen broad-leaved tree
  • Flower colorsYellow Cream
  • Colors of the leavesGreen
  • Fruit colorGreen
  • Height1500.0 ~ 3000.0 cm
  • Diameter of flower0.5 ~ 0.5 cm

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