- Flower nameRhododendron ferrugineum
- Scientific namerhododendron ferrugineum
- AliasAlpenrose, snow-rose, rusty-leaved alpenrose
- Place of origin the Swiss Alps, Pyrenees, Jura, and northern Apennines
- Place of floweringHigh mountain, Botanical Gardens, Specific area
- Flowering seasonJuly, August
- Language of flowersSelf-control
What is Rhododendron ferrugineum
Rhododendron ferrugineum, Alpenrose (scientific name: Rhododendron ferrugineum) is an alpine evergreen shrub of the family Rhododendronaceae, native to the Swiss Alps, Pyrenees, Jura, and northern Apennines. It is also called snow-rose or rusty-leaved alpenrose in English. The leaves are dark green and glossy with rusty brown spots on the underside, which is why it is called "rusty-leaved alpenrose. In summer, it produces 6 to 12 funnel-shaped red flowers. It is considered one of the three most famous flowers in the Swiss Alps. Alpenrose is a toxic plant containing arbutin, arecoline, and lodoxanthin, which can cause nervous and respiratory system damage when eaten by animals such as deer.
The three most famous flowers in Switzerland are the Gentiana,Gentiana, Edelweiss（Leontopodium alpinum）, and Alpenrose（Rhododendron ferrugineum）.
Common name: Alpenrose, Rhododendron ferrugineum, scientific name: Rhododendron ferrugineum, alias: snow-rose, rusty-leaved alpenrose, place of origin. Alps, Pyrenees, Jura, Northern Apennines, Height: 1 m, Leaf color: rusty brown spots on underside, Leaf length: 1-4 cm, Leaf width: 1 cm, Radial symmetric flowers, Leaf shape: broad lanceolate, Leaf margin: serrate, Inflorescence form: raceme, Joint flowers, Flower diameter: 1.5 cm, Flower shape: funnel-shaped, Flowering season: July-August, Flower color: red, Flower shape: single Flowering season: July to August, Flower color: red, Flower shape: single, Number of stamens: 10, Fruit type: capsule, Remarks: poisonous plant.