Flower Database

Pachysandra terminalis

Basic information
Flower Name
Pachysandra terminalis
Formal Name
Pachysandra terminalis
Japanese spurge, 富貴草, 富貴草
East Asia
Evergreen dwarf shrub
Pachysandra terminalis or Japanese spurge (scientific name: Pachysandra terminalis) is native to East Asia and is an evergreen dwarf shrub of the Buxaceae family. It will communicate under a slightly wet forest. It looks like grass, but in woody plants the rhizome grows sideways and grows, not tilted straight. The leaves are shiny oval oval and there are rough saw teeth on the leaf edges and more and more. The leaves stick to each other, but it seems that it grows like a circle because it grows densely. In the spring, we extend the spike-shaped inflorescences at the tip of the flower stalk as short as 10 cm, and let the white flower form flowers of male and female. Flowers are male at the top and female at the bottom. Both male and female flowers are white, without petals, male flowers have four thick stamens, and female flowers have an ovary with two flower pillars. The white fruit which becomes rare after the flower is dried and made into a tonic medicine, or it is dried as whole herb and it is made into a traditional Chinese medicine such as gastrointestinal medicine, anti-inflammatory antidote, rheumatism. Since ingredients include steroids and alkaloids, amateurs should not handle it. The origin of the flower name is that the leaves are evergreen, the rhizomes extend laterally and are very fertile, depending on the fact that they are like woody but look like grass.
Common name: Pachysandra terminalis or Japanese spurge, scientific name: Pachysandra terminalis, Distribution: Hokkaido ~ Honshu, Shikoku , Kyushu's Japan, East Asia, Environment: somewhat moist forest, height of plant height: 20 to 30 cm, stem height: 20 cm, rhizome: rich growing sideways, leafy: glossy, leaf shape: ovoid ellipse Flower color: white, male flower: upper part, female flower: lower part, shape, leaf margin: coarse sawtooth, leaf order: dense alternate, inflorescence form: spiked inflorescence, small flower diameter: 2-3 cm, flowering period: Fruit color: white (it is rare to be formed), fruit shape: spherical shape, fruit season: early autumn, medicinal plant use site: whole grass, or dried ripe fruit. Medicinal efficacy: tonic, gastrointestinal, antiphlogistic, rheumatism, ingredients: steroids, alkaloids etc Origin of the name: Leaves are evergreen, the rhizomes extend laterally and grow. Place of observation: Hakone shrine company precincts, large community of Togakushi.
Detailed information
P. terminalis
Flower type
Actinomorphic Flower
Flower array
Spike Inflorescence
Petal shape
Leaf type
Leaf edge
Flowering place
Low mountain
Mar Apr May
20  ~ 30  [cm]
2  ~ 3