Flower Database

Pedicularis japonica

Basic information
Flower Name
Pedicularis japonica
Formal Name
Pedicularis japonica
Alias
四葉塩竈, 北四葉塩竈
Habitat
Japan
Morph
Perennial high mountain plant
Comment
Pedicularis japonica or yotsuba shiogama(scientific name: Pedicularis japonica) is a perennial herb endemic to Japan, belonging to the family Orobanchaceae. It grows naturally in subalpine to alpine wetlands in Hokkaido to central Honshu from early summer to summer. The corolla is two-lipped, with a dark reddish-purple helmet-shaped upper lip with a pointed beak and a three-deeply lobed lower lip.
Common name: Pedicularis japonica, scientific name: Pedicularis japonica, also known as yotsuba shiogama, Place of origin: Japan, habitat distribution: Hokkaido to central Honshu, Living Environment: Subalpine to alpine wetlands, Living conditions: subalpine to alpine wetlands; life form: perennial alpine plant; grass height: 10-30 cm; leaf shape: pinnate, deeply lobed, Leaf shape: pinnate, deeply lobed; inflorescence: four leaflets in a circle on each stem, Leaf shape: pinnate, deeply lobed; inflorescences: 4 in a circle on the stem; flower color: pale purple; flowering: 2-7 in a circle on the stem, Corolla: 2-lipped, upper lip 0.8-0.9 cm long, Flowering season: June to August.
Detailed information
Order
Lamiales
Family
Orobanchaceae
Genus
Pedicularis
Species
P. japonica
Flower type
Zygomorphic Flower
Flower array
Spike Inflorescence
Petal shape
Labiate
Leaf type
Pinnate
Leaf edge
incision
Flowering place
Alpine Sub-high mountain
Color
Violet
Season
Jun Jul Aug
Height
10  ~ 30  [cm]
Diameter
1.5  ~ 2