Flower NameGaultheria pyroloide
Formal NameGaultheria pyroloides
MorphSmall Evergreen shrub
Gaultheria pyroloide (scientific name: Gaultheria pyroloides) is native to Japan and is an evergreen small shrub of the family Ericaceae. It grows naturally from gravellands and grasslands of alpine in Hokkaido to central Honshu in Japan. The leaves are hard and shiny egg-like ellipses, the tip is round, the leaf length is about 2 cm, sticks with each other, and there are saw teeth on the leaf edge. In the summer, a few blooming flowers will be blown downwards, with a small bell-shaped brief inflorescences with five tipped cleavage tips. The fruit is a white spherical shape, and it smells salicylic acid (Salometic Odor) when it is crushed with a liquid fruit of about 3 cm in diameter. It is also called siromono in comparison with a spermatoza (akamono) that makes red fruit.
Generic name: Gaultheria pyroloide , Scientific name: Gaultheria pyroloides, aka: Shiromono, habitat distribution: Japan in Hokkaido - Honshu, living environment: (sub) alpine's gravelland and grassland, Living: Evergreen small shrub, Tree height: 10 to 30 cm, branch: spreading sideways, leafy: hard and glossy, leaf shape: oval oval and tip rounded, leaf length : 2 cm, leaf color: green, leaves: alternate, leaf margin: with serrated teeth, flower attached way: several small flowers on short inflorescences, flower crown: bell shape with 5 tips, flower color: White, flower size: 0.5 cm, flowering period: June to August, fruit type: liquid fruit, fruit shape: spherical, fruit color: white, fruit diameter: 3 cm, fruit odor: Salicylic acid odor , Use: Rock garden.
Flower typeActinomorphic Flower
Flower arrayRacemous Inflorescence
Flowering placeAlpine Sub-high mountain
SeasonJun Jul Aug
Height10 ~ 30 [cm]
Diameter0.5 ~ 0.5