Flower Database

Silver orchid

Basic information
Flower Name
Silver orchid
Formal Name
Cephalanthera erecta
銀蘭, Ginran, The erect cephalanthera, The silver orchid
Korea, China and Japan
perennial grass, Orchid
Silver orchid called Gin-ran, Erect cephalanthera, or Cephalanthera erecta (scientific name: Cephalanthera erecta) is a perennial plant of the genus Cephalanthera of the family Orchidaceae native to Japan, the Korean peninsula, and China. It is an above-ground orchid with low plant height that grows naturally in the forest border and bright forests of Hokkaido to Kyushu in Japan. From the flower stalk, 3 to 6 leaves with long oval and clear veins are emitted alternately. The leaves hold the stems.
In spring, it brings out flower stems between the leaves and blooms a few small white flowers in the ascending inflorescence extending from the tip. The flowers are half open and do not open completely. The corolla is orchid-shaped and consists of 3 pieces and 3 petals. The tip of the lip flaps three. The capsule is achieved after the flower.
It is called Gin-ran, contrasting it with Golden Orchid(Kin-ran,scientific name: Cephalanthera falcata) blooming at the same time. In the same genus, there are Sasaba-ginran (Azalea ginran) whose leaves are in the form of leaves and flowers are white. Sasabaginlan is taller than silver orchid(Gin-ran), and leaves appear above inflorescence or at the same height, and the spur is long.
Common name: Gin-ran , Scientific name: Cephalanthera erecta, aka: The silver orchid, Tthe erect cephalanthera, Cephalanthera erecta, Distribution: Hokkaido to Kyushu in Japan, Living environment: forest edge and bright forest, living type: perennial, height of plant height: 15 to 30 cm, leaf shape: long ellipse, number of leaves: 3 to 6, leaves: harvest stalks with each other, leaf length: 5 cm , Leaf vein: clear, leaf margin: entire, flower color: white, flower diameter: 0.5 to 1 cm, flower crown: orchid type, lip tip: 3 clefts, flower blooming appearance: half open and not full open, flower composition 3 of calyx and three petals, flowering period: April to May.
Detailed information
C. erecta
Flower type
Zygomorphic Flower
Flower array
Spike Inflorescence
Petal shape
Leaf type
Leaf edge
Entire Fringe
Flowering place
Plain/fleet Low mountain Botanic garden
Apr May
15  ~ 30  [cm]
0.5  ~ 1