Briza maxima

  • Briza maxima_img_0
    Briza maxima @ Kiba Park
  • Briza maxima_img_1
    Briza maxima @ Kiba Park

Basic information

Flower Name
Briza maxima
Formal Name
Briza maxima
Alias
Habitat
Europe
Morph
annual plant

Comment

What is Briza maxima

Briza maxima (scientific name:Briza maxima) is a naturalized plant native to Europe and is an annual plant in the family Gramineae. In summer, it blooms from the upper branches of upright stems with small, oval-shaped, bell-shaped ears similar to those of coir worms. It is a weed that was introduced to Japan in the Meiji era (1868-1912) as an ornamental weed and then spread. The name of the flower comes from the fact that the shape of the small flowers that make up the small ears and the yellowish-brown color when they mature look like a koban, the currency of the Edo period. It is also called tawaramugi because its small flowers look like bales.

Generic name:Briza maxima,scientific name: Briza maxima L, also known as tawaramugi (Japanese), Place of Origin: Europe, Habitat: Central and South Honshu, Environment: roadside and rough ground, grass height: 10-60 cm, Leaf shape: elongated, leaf length: 0.5 cm, leaf width: 1 cm, Hair: hairless, leaf margins: rough, Inflorescence: conical , crown shape,Spikelet: formed from a dozen or so small flowers, shape of a small flower: elliptical, flattened to the right and left, scales puffed upshape: oval with flattened scales on each side; flowering season: July - September, small flower length: 2 cm, Small flowers: 1 cm wide, small flowers: light green to yellowish-brown throughout (the pair of calyxes on the head are brown).

Detailed information

Order
Poales
Family
Gramineae
Genus
Briza
Species
B. maxima
Flower type
Actinomorphic Flower
Flower array
Panicle
Petal shape
spikelet
Leaf type
Lanceolate
Leaf edge
Other
Flowering place
Plain/fleet
Color
Brown, Green
Season
JulAugSep
Height
10 ~ 60 [cm]
Diameter
1 ~ 1

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