Flower Database

Camellia japonica

Basic information
Flower Name
Camellia japonica
Formal Name
Camellia japonica l.
Alias
藪椿, Camellia, Common Camellia
Habitat
Japan (Honshu or Kyushu), Taiwan and the Korean peninsula
Morph
Evergreen tree
Comment
Camellia japonica or Yabu-tsubaki (scientific name: Camellia japonica L.) is an evergreen tall tree of the family Theaceae. Simply speaking of camellia, it refers to this species. The original species is a red-colored five-flower blossom, flowering from winter to spring (December to April). The leaves are single leaves, light green, thick and big shiny, there are no serrated teeth on the leaf edge, and they are attached to the branches in an alternating fashion. A large number of garden cultivars have been bred, and flower colors, shapes and timelines are diverse. Variants include Camellia Koshinobenishidare(Yukitsubaki) in the Niigata region and Camellia wabisuke(Wabisuke) preferred by tea ceremonies.
Also, in the same camellia genus, there is Sasanqua (mountain flower plant), which is similar. The difference between them is that Sasanqua has fine hair in leaves, stems, sprouts, and ovaries, but not in Camellia japonica. In addition, the flower strings of this kind of petals and stamens coalesce, whereas Sasanqua does not coalesce. Although it can be seen to see the petal that scattered to the easiest way to distinguish it, it is not accurate because some of the camellia are not coalesced. The flowering period is Sasanqua earlier than Tsubaki, around October to December.
There are Shishigashira(Kan-tsubaki) in the cross between Yobutsubaki and Sasanqua. Shishigashira is hard to distinguish from Sasanqua, the leaves are small, there is no gloss, there are saw teeth on the leaf edge. Petals will fall apart. Flowering is from November to February and blooms after Sasanqua. Typical varieties include "Yujiro" and "Lion head".
Also, in the same camellia genus, there is Sasanqua (mountain flower plant), which is similar. The difference between them is that Sasanqua has fine hair in leaves, stems, sprouts, and ovaries, but not in jabutbaki. In addition, the flower strings of this kind of petals and stamens coalesce, whereas Sasanqua does not coalesce. Although it can be seen to see the petal that scattered to the easiest way to distinguish it, it is not accurate because some of the camellia are not coalesced. The flowering period is Sasanqua earlier than Tsubaki, around October to December.
There are Shishigashira in the cross between Yobutsubaki and Sasanqua. Kanzubaki is hard to distinguish from Sasanqua, the leaves are small, there is no gloss, there are saw teeth on the leaf edge. Petals will fall apart. Flowering is from November to February and blooms after Sasanqua. Typical varieties include "Kanjiro".
Special feature camellia (camellia)
https://www.flower-db.com/en/special/23/2
Generic name: Camellia japonica, Scientific name:Camellia japonica L., Other name: Yabutsubaki, Tsubaki, Camellia, Yamatsubaki, Mountain Camellia, Common Camellia, Origin: Japan (Honshu, Japan-Kyushu), Taiwan and Korean peninsula height: 6-15 m, Leaf: oblong or oval-shaped, leaf length: 5 to 12 cm, leaf color: light green, Flower color: red, Flower size: 7cm, flowering period: December to April, fruit period: summer to fall, fruit color: brown, fruit diameter: 2 cm.
Detailed information
Order
Ericales
Family
Theaceae
Genus
Camellia
Species
C. japonica
Flower type
Actinomorphic Flower
Flower array
Solitary Inflorescence
Petal shape
Rosa
Leaf type
Obovate
Leaf edge
Entire Fringe
Flowering place
Garden Botanic garden Graveyard、Temple park Bonsai
Color
Red
Season
Jan Feb Mar Apr Dec
Height
600  ~ 1500  [cm]
Diameter
7  ~ 15