- Flower nameCattleya
- Scientific nameCattleya hybrids
- AliasCattleya, カトレヤ
- Place of originTropical regions of Central and South America
- Place of floweringCut flowers, flower arrangement, Greenhouse
- Flowering seasonJanuary, February, October, November, December
What is Cattleya
Cattleya (scientific name: Cattleya) is a nonchill-tolerant perennial herbaceous column native to Central and South America, in the genus Cattleya of the family Orchidaceae. In its native region, it grows on rocks and trees on the alpine forest floor. It is also called "Queen of Orchids" or "Queen of Flowers" because of its elegant shape and fragrance. It is the national flower of Fiji, Colombia, and Brazil. It is used for potted plants, corsages, and bouquets. In the language of flowers, cattleya means "magic" and "enchanting.
Cattleya grows from 20 to 50 cm in height. It produces orchid-shaped flowers in racemes at the base of slender, stiff leaves that emerge from a spindle-shaped or rod-shaped stem called a bulb. The flower is composed of three petals and three sepals. Two petals are flattened and one has a pointed shape called a lip. The sepals consist of one dorsal sepal and two laterally spreading lateral sepals. Flowering season is from October to February, and the flowers range from 5 to 15 cm in diameter, with one to a dozen blooms per stem in colors such as peach, white, red, orange, yellow, red-purple, blue-purple, blue, green, and those in which only the lip petals vary in color.
Representative Cattleya varieties
This is the original species of epiphytic orchid from which the name Cattleya is derived. It was discovered in Venezuela and Brazil in South America, and William Cattley cultivated and flowered it in England. Flower diameter around 15 cm.
Native to Costa Rica, the flowers are bright yellow with red lip petals and a rich fragrance.
A heavy, early summer-blooming, medium-large-flowered cattleya native to Brazil. There are many individuals with different flower colors due to the large amount of variation.
A small plant native to Brazil, but the flowers are large, with a diameter of around 10 cm.
Common name: Cattleya , scientific name: Cattleya, origin: tropical regions of Central and South America, environment: alpine forest floor, life form: non cold hardy perennial herb, epiphytic, growing on trees and rocks, plant height: 20 to 50 cm, flowering period: October to February (available year-round), Flower diameter: 5-15 cm, Number of flowers (per stem): 1-10, Flower color: peach, white, red, orange, yellow, red-purple, blue-purple, blue, green, lip petals only different colors.