national flower: Republic of San Marino
- Flower nameCyclamen neapolitanum
- Scientific nameCyclamen neapolitanum
- AliasCyclamen, シクラメン・ネアポリタナム
- Place of originsouthern Europe and Turkey
- Place of floweringGarden, Botanical Gardens, Potted flower
- Flowering seasonSeptember, October
What is Cyclamen neapolitanum
Cyclamen neapolitanum, (scientific name) is a cold-resistant lodging plant of the family Primulaceae, native to southern Europe and Turkey. It is the original (wild) species of cyclamen, and its flowers bloom from September to October, and its leaves appear in October. The flowers are smaller than those of the mini cyclamen, with narrow petals, and bloom before the leaves have grown. The flower color can be white or pink. It is the national flower of the Republic of San Marino. The genus name "Cyclamen" is derived from the Greek word "kiklos," meaning "spiral," because of the spiral nature of the fertilized flowers. The species name "neapolitanum" means Naples, Italy. The cyclamen blooms from spring to early summer, from summer to autumn, and from winter to early spring. The cyclamen we usually see is Cyclamen persicum.
Common name: Cyclamen persicum, scientific name: Cyclamen neapolitanum, aka:The autumn-flowering cyclamen, national flower: Republic of San Marino, origin: Southern Europe to Turkey, height: 10-15 cm, life form: many plants ～Flowering season: September to October, Fruit: capsule.