blackberry

Empetrum nigrum l. var. japonicum

  • blackberry
  • blackberry
  • Flower name
    blackberry
  • Scientific name
    Empetrum nigrum l. var. japonicum
  • AliasEmpetrum nigrum, 岩高蘭
  • Place of originChina, Korea and Japan
  • Place of floweringSub-alpine
  • Flowering seasonMay, June

What is blackberry

Blackberry (Empetrum nigrum L. var. japonicum) is a subalpine evergreen creeping shrub of the family Ericaceae, native to China, Korea and Japan.
In Japan, it grows wild on subalpine ridges and rocky areas from Hokkaido to northern Honshu. It grows to a height of 20-50 cm, rarely reaching 1 m. Its twigs are reddish-brown and well branched and crawl on the ground. Small dark purple three-petaled flowers bloom in the leaf axils in late spring to early summer. The black, spherical fruits in the autumn are sweet and edible and can be used for medicinal purposes.

General name: Blackberry, Scientific name: Empetrum nigrum L. var. japonicum, Habitat: Hokkaido and northern Honshu, Living environment: rocky area in subalpine mountains, living environment Type: evergreen crawling shrub, dioecious, Shrub height: 20-50-100 cm, leaf texture: cortex, leaf structure: alternate, leaf shape: linear (fir-like), leaf length: 0.6 cm, leaf width: 0.8 cm, inflorescence: monocotyledonous in leaf axils, flowering season: May-June, flower color: dark purple, number of petals: 3, fruit stage: September, fruit: spherical, fruit color: black.


  • Order
    Ericales
  • Family
    Ericaceae
  • Genus
    Empetrum
  • Species
    E. nigrum L. var. japonicum
  • Type of flower
    Radial symmetrical flower
  • Array of flower
    Monopetal inflorescence
  • Petal shape
    3-petaled flower
  • Leaf type
    Linear
  • Edge of the leaf
    All edges
  • Life typesubalpine evergreen creeping shrub
  • Flower colors
  • Colors of the leavesGreen
  • Fruit colorGreen
  • Height20.0 ~ 50.0 cm
  • Diameter of flower0.5 ~ 0.5 cm

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