Black Medic

Medicago lupulina

  • Black Medic
  • Black Medic
  • Flower name
    Black Medic
  • Scientific name
    Medicago lupulina
  • Alias米粒馬肥やし, Black Medic, Medicago lupulina
  • Place of originEuropean
  • Place of floweringFields and footpaths
  • Flowering seasonMay, June

What is Black Medic

Black Medic (scientific name: Medicago lupulina) is native to Europe and is a naturalized annual plant in the family Fabaceae. In spring, 20 to 30 small yellow flowers bloom in clusters in a spherical shape on the inflorescence that grows from the flower stalk. It was imported as a grass for horses and other animals and later became wild. The leaves are green and have mildly serrated edges. This flower is similar to Trifolium dubium.

Common name: Black Medic, Scientific name: Medicago lupulina L., place of origin: Europe, plant height: 10-50 cm, Leaf shape: 3-decapitated compound leaves, Leaf margin: serrated, leaf color: green, Inflorescence: head, corolla: butterfly-shaped, color: yellow, Flower spike length: 2 cm, small flower diameter: 0.3-0.4 cm, Flowering place: leaf axils, petiole: with, Flowering season: May to June, fruit type: leguminous fruit.


  • Eye
    Fabales
  • Family
    Fabaceae
  • Genus
    Medicago
  • Species
    M. lupulina
  • Type of flower
    Left-right symmetrical flower
  • Array of flower
    Cephalic inflorescence
  • Petal shape
    Butterfly shape
  • Leaf type
    3-fold compound leaf
  • Edge of the leaf
    Serrated
  • Life typeannual grass
  • Flower colorsYellow
  • Colors of the leavesGreen
  • Fruit colorGreen
  • Height10.0 ~ 50.0 cm
  • Diameter of flower0.3 ~ 0.4 cm

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