- Flower namefragrant nutmeg
- Scientific nameMyristica fragrans
- AliasMyristica fragrans, Nutmeg, ナツメグ, 肉荳蔲, ミリスティカ・フレグランス
- Place of originthe Moluccas
- Place of floweringOrchard
- Flowering seasonJuly
What is fragrant nutmeg
Fragrant nutmeg (Scientific name: Myristica fragrans) is a tropical evergreen tree in the family Myristicaceae, native to the Moluccas. It is a slow-growing plant that takes seven to eight years from sowing to flowering. The flowers are cream-coloured, with a diameter of 0.7 cm, and are bud-shaped with three shallow lobes at the tip. About 6 months after flowering, the fruit ripens and cracks open to reveal a thin, red, webbed seed inside. The seeds are called nutmeg and the thin skin is called mace and is the main ingredient in spices. Nutmeg is used to dry and grind the seed pods or whole seeds. Mace is used to dry and grind the red pale skin (pseudosperm). It is used to remove odours in cooking, to flavour baked goods and for medicinal purposes (digestion, fever reduction and calming effect). Incidentally, nutmeg, clove and pepper are the three major spices in the world, and nutmeg, clove, pepper and cinnamon are the four major spices in the world. However, raw flesh peas are poisonous and should not be eaten as they can cause mental confusion.
Common name: Fragrant nutmeg, Scientific name: Myristica fragrans, tree height: 5-10 m, Leaf length: 4-8 cm, Leaf shape: elliptical, Leaf length: 5-7 cm, Leaf color: green, Leaf inflorescence: alternate, petiole: 1 cm, male inflorescence: conical inflorescence, female inflorescence: unicornate, bell-shaped, flower color: cream, corolla: 3 shallow lobes at the tip of the flower, flower diameter: 0.6-0.8 cm, flower length: 1 cm, flowering time: July, fruit color: yellow, fruit shape: pear-shaped, fruit diameter: 3.5-5 cm, use: Nutmeg, spice of mace.