Neuwiedia borneensis

Neuwiedia borneensis

  • Neuwiedia borneensis
  • Neuwiedia borneensis
  • Flower name
    Neuwiedia borneensis
  • Scientific name
    Neuwiedia borneensis
  • AliasNeuwiedia borneensis
  • Place of origin Kalimantan (Borneo)
  • Place of floweringGreenhouse, Subtropical region, Specific area
  • Flowering seasonJanuary, December

What is Neuwiedia borneensis

Neuwiedia borneensis (scientific name: Neuwiedia borneensis) is a perennial orchid native to Kalimantan (Borneo). It is the oldest orchid in the world, having appeared 90 to 80 million years ago during the Cretaceous period. It is a terrestrial orchid with a height of about 50 cm. The leaves are green, 45 cm long, 5 cm wide, narrowly elliptic, and pointed at the tip. The flower stalk is 10-20 cm long and bears an inflorescence at the end of the stalk. The small white flowers are about 1 cm in diameter, similar to those of Lily of the Valley or Suzuran (scientific name: Convallaria keiskei) , and the flowers bloom in a downward direction. It has one pistil and one stamen. It has one pistil and three stamens.

Common name: Neuwiedia borneensis, scientific name: Neuwiedia borneensis, origin: Kalimantan (Borneo), date of appearance: Cretaceous (90-80 million years ago), according to genetic analysis. Leaf shape: oblong-ovate with a pointed tip; leaf color: green; leaf length: 45 cm; leaf width: 5 cm; flower stalk length: 10-20 cm; inflorescence shape: paniculate; corolla color: white; flower diameter: 1 cm; number of pistils: 1; number of stamens: 3; peduncle shape: bellflower-like Diameter: 1cm, Number of pistils: 1, Number of stamens: 3, Small stamens: 1, Flower shape: bellflower-like, Flower orientation: downward, Characteristics: World's oldest orchid.


  • Order
    Asparagales
  • Family
    Orchidaceae
  • Genus
    Neuwiedia
  • Species
    N. borneensis
  • Type of flower
    Left-right symmetrical flower
  • Array of flower
    Scattered inflorescence/ umbrella shape
  • Petal shape
    Orchid shape
  • Leaf type
    oblong
  • Edge of the leaf
    All edges
  • Life typeperennial orchid
  • Flower colorsWhite
  • Colors of the leavesGreen
  • Fruit color
  • Height25.0 ~ 50.0 cm
  • Diameter of flower1.0 ~ 1.0 cm

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