Phoenix dactylifera

Phoenix dactylifera

  • Phoenix dactylifera
  • Phoenix dactylifera
  • Flower name
    Phoenix dactylifera
  • Scientific name
    Phoenix dactylifera
  • AliasPhoenix dactylifera
  • Place of originNorth Africa and the Persian Gulf coast
  • Place of floweringSubtropical region, Specific area
  • Flowering seasonMarch, April, May

What is Phoenix dactylifera

Phoenix dactylifera, commonly known as date or date palm (scientific name: Phoenix dactylifera), native to North Africa and the Persian Gulf coast, is a tall evergreen tree in the family Arecaceae. The trunk grows straight and the height of the tree is 15-25 meters. The pinnate leaves are clustered at the top of the trunk. It is dioecious. In spring, the fleshy inflorescence is yellow, the female flowers are green, and the male flowers are white in number. It produces numerous long oval fruits in the fall. The fruits are called dates and are edible. Dates are eaten raw or made into jam.

Members of the date palm genus (Phoenix)


Date palm (scientific name: Phoenix dactylifera)
Phoenix roebelenii (date palm)
Phoenix canariensis (scientific name: Phoenix canariensis)

Common name: Date palm, scientific name: Phoenix dactylifera, alias: Date Palm, Medjool, origin: North Africa, Persian Gulf coast, height: 15-25 m, leaf shape: pinnate Leaf shape: pinnate, leaflets: 20-40 cm long, leaf width: 2 cm, leaf blade: 4 m, lanceolate, dioecious, flowering season: March-May, inflorescence shape: fleshy, flower color: yellow, fruit diameter: 2-3 cm, fruit length: 4-7 cm, fruiting season: October-December, fruit shape: oblong, fruit color: red to yellow, use: fruit is edible date (date palm) Date Palm), roadside trees, park trees, botanical gardens; leaves: rugs, baskets, hats.


  • Order
    Arecales
  • Family
    Arecaceae
  • Genus
    Phoenix
  • Species
    P. dactylifera
  • Type of flower
    Radial symmetrical flower
  • Array of flower
    Fleshy inflorescence
  • Petal shape
    Ovate/elliptic
  • Leaf type
    Pinnate compound leaf
  • Edge of the leaf
    All edges
  • Life typetall evergreen tree
  • Flower colorsYellow White
  • Colors of the leavesGreen
  • Fruit colorRed Orange
  • Height1000.0 ~ 2000.0 cm
  • Diameter of flower1.0 ~ 1.0 cm

Random flowers