Scots pine

Pinus sylvestris

  • Scots pine
  • Scots pine
  • Scots pine
  • Scots pine
  • Flower name
    Scots pine
  • Scientific name
    Pinus sylvestris
  • AliasPinus sylvestris, Scots pine
  • Place of originEurasia
  • Place of floweringHigh mountain, Low mountains, Sub-alpine
  • Flowering seasonMay

What is Scots pine

Scots pine(scientific name: Pinus sylvestris) is an evergreen needle-leaved tall tree native to Eurasia and part of the pines family Pinaceae.
It is a only one pine that grows wild in northern Europe on mountains from 0-2600 m above sea level.
It is also called Scotch pine or Red pine.
The trees grow straight. The leaves are taut, 3 to 5 cm long and blue-green in color.
They are dioecious.
In spring, the female flowers produce two or three spherical red flowers on the tips of young branches.
The male flowers bloom in clusters of yellow egg-shaped flowers on thin young branches.
The fruit is spatulate and winged. It is considered to be wood.
It is the national tree of Scotland.

Flower language.
Nobility, grace.

Basic data.
Common name: EScots pine, scientific name: Pinus sylvestris, national tree: Scotland,
Nicknames: Scotch Pine, Russian Red Pine,
Place of origin: native to Eurasia, living type: evergreen needle-leaved tall tree,
Tree height: 20-35 m. Bark: dark gray-brown, scaly.
Dioecious, female flower color: red, flowering season: May.



  • Order
    Pinales
  • Family
    Pinaceae
  • Genus
    Pinus
  • Species
    P. sylvestris
  • Type of flower
    Other
  • Array of flower
    Ball-shaped inflorescence
  • Petal shape
    Caudate
  • Leaf type
    needle shape
  • Edge of the leaf
    All edges
  • Life typeevergreen needle-leaved tall tree
  • Flower colors
  • Colors of the leavesGreen
  • Fruit colorGreen
  • Height2000.0 ~ 3500.0 cm
  • Diameter of flower ~ cm

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