Sandalwood

Santalum album

  • Sandalwood
  • Sandalwood
  • Flower name
    Sandalwood
  • Scientific name
    Santalum album
  • Alias栴檀, Santalum album, Sandalwood, サンダルウッド, チャンダナ, candana
  • Place of originIndia
  • Place of floweringCemetery & Temple, Subtropical region
  • Flowering seasonMay

What is Sandalwood

Sandalwood , scientific name:Santalum album , is native to India, and is a tropical semiparasitic evergreen tree of the department Santalaceae , of the Santalum genus. Independently during the germination of life to grow and absorbing roots, take water and nutrients from the roots of other plants. Chlorophyll in leaves, on the other hand, because the wild water and nutrients and photosynthesis. Aromatic wood has a refreshing scent and is highly prized. Up to 15 m in height. The leaves are long oval to oval in shape and have the opposite. It is a dioecious. In late spring the branches which cymes of cone-shaped little flowers bloom. Flower color is green at first, later changes to the 暗紅 purple. Corolla is campanulate flower has 4 pieces. Accessories, fans, incense, medicinal and aromatic purposes.Related species called mnimbijakdan exists in Japan's Ogasawara.

Generic name: Sandalwood , scientific name:Santalum album, aka: sandalwood, origin: India, Tropical evergreen tree of life type: semi-parasitic, height: 8-15 m, Kanta: 25-30 cm, leaf: long ovoid of needles elliptic shape, leaf arrangement: opposite, leaf length: 5-8 cm, leaf margin: entire, petiole length: 1-1, 5 cm, dioecious, inflorescence shape: cone-shaped inflorescence, flower diameter:0.4-0.5cm, flower color: yellow-green → darke red-purple, Star: bell-shaped, flower piece: 4 photos, flowering period: may, fruit type; stone fruit, fruit shape: spherical, the fruit diameter: 1 cm, fruit color: Red-Black mature, heartwood: aromatic, heartwood colour: pale yellow, uses: aromatic, Buddha, Buddhist, fan, sculpture, craftwork, incense, perfume, medicinal


  • Order
    Santalales
  • Family
    Santalaceae
  • Genus
    Santalum
  • Species
    S. album
  • Type of flower
    Radial symmetrical flower
  • Array of flower
    Cluster inflorescence
  • Petal shape
    Bell-shaped
  • Leaf type
    Oval
  • Edge of the leaf
    All edges
  • Life typeSemi-parasitic tropical evergreen tree
  • Flower colors
  • Colors of the leavesGreen
  • Fruit colorGreen
  • Height800.0 ~ 1500.0 cm
  • Diameter of flower0.4 ~ 0.5 cm

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