Flower Database

Beadtree

Basic information
Flower Name
Beadtree
Formal Name
Melia azedarach
Alias
栴檀, 棟, Beadtree, Sendan, Cape Lilac, Chinaberry
Habitat
Japan, China and West Asia
Morph
Deciduous tall tree
Comment
Beadtree or Sendan in Japanese (scientific name: Melia azedarach) is native to Japan, China and West Asia, and it is deciduous tall trees of the family Meliaceae. In early summer, It makes a lot of light purple florets bloom to the flower stalk (double strain inflorescence). The leaves are green, fall in autumn. After the flowers the fruits become beaded and become ripe from green , yellowish brown to cream. The fruit will remain for a while after leaf falling. Unfortunately, the fruit has a bad smell. The one with good incense is for sandalwood (Scientific name: Santalum album). Trees are used for planting park trees and garden trees, materials for furniture and instruments, wood fish, etc, fruits · bark · root skin is used for anthelmintics.
There is a story that "wrapping is better than Futaba". It is used in the sense that it has a fragrance from the time of young buds, turning out that those with ability are outstanding from childhood. However, it says Indian sandalwood(Scientific name: Santalum album) as wolfberry in Chinese name, it is not this species. Also, indian sandalwood does not smell at the time of young(futaba), so its stuff also has errors.
Generic name: Beadtree, Scientific name: Melia azedarach, aka: Sendan, Beadtree, Cape Lilac, Chinaberry, Origin: Japan, China and West Asia, Living type: Deciduous trees, trees height: 5 to 30 m, bark color: dark purple brown, leaf shape: odd feathered double leaves, ovals: alternate, leaf shape: ovate, small leaves: 3 to 6 cm, Leaf height: 90 cm, leaf margin: serrated, inflorescence: double divergent inflorescence, flowering period: May to June, flower color: light purple, number of petals: 5, floret diameter: 2 cm, stamen: Fruit type: fruit type: fruit type, fruiting period: October, fruit length: 2 cm, fruit color: green → yellow brown → light yellow, fruit diameter: long ellipse, seeds: light gray yellow with 10 ridges.
Detailed information
Order
Sapindales
Family
Meliaceae
Genus
Melia
Species
M. azedarach
Flower type
Actinomorphic Flower
Flower array
Double Cymes
Petal shape
5petals
Leaf type
Imparipinnate-Compound Leaf
Leaf edge
Serrated
Flowering place
Garden park
Color
Violet
Season
May Jun
Height
500  ~ 3000  [cm]
Diameter
2  ~ 2