Beadtree

Melia azedarach

  • Beadtree
  • Beadtree
  • Beadtree
  • Beadtree
  • Beadtree
  • Beadtree
  • Beadtree
  • Beadtree
  • Beadtree
  • Beadtree
  • Beadtree
  • Beadtree
  • Flower name
    Beadtree
  • Scientific name
    Melia azedarach
  • Aliasオウチ, 栴檀, 棟, Beadtree, Sendan, Cape Lilac, Chinaberry
  • Place of originJapan, China and West Asia
  • Place of floweringGarden, Park
  • Flowering seasonMay, June
  • Language of flowersWarm heart

What is Beadtree

Beadtree or Sendan in Japanese (scientific name: Melia azedarach) is native to Japan, China and West Asia, and it is deciduous tall trees of the family Meliaceae. In early summer, It makes a lot of light purple florets bloom to the flower stalk (double strain inflorescence). The leaves are green, fall in autumn. After the flowers the fruits become beaded and become ripe from green , yellowish brown to cream. The fruit will remain for a while after leaf falling. Unfortunately, the fruit has a bad smell. The one with good incense is for sandalwood (Scientific name: Santalum album). Trees are used for planting park trees and garden trees, materials for furniture and instruments, wood fish, etc, fruits · bark · root skin is used for anthelmintics.
There is a story that "wrapping is better than Futaba". It is used in the sense that it has a fragrance from the time of young buds, turning out that those with ability are outstanding from childhood. However, it says Indian sandalwood(Scientific name: Santalum album) as wolfberry in Chinese name, it is not this species. Also, indian sandalwood does not smell at the time of young(futaba), so its stuff also has errors.

Generic name: Beadtree, Scientific name: Melia azedarach, aka: Sendan, Beadtree, Cape Lilac, Chinaberry, Origin: Japan, China and West Asia, Living type: Deciduous trees, trees height: 5 to 30 m, bark color: dark purple brown, leaf shape: odd feathered double leaves, ovals: alternate, leaf shape: ovate, small leaves: 3 to 6 cm, Leaf height: 90 cm, leaf margin: serrated, inflorescence: double divergent inflorescence, flowering period: May to June, flower color: light purple, number of petals: 5, floret diameter: 2 cm, stamen: Fruit type: fruit type: fruit type, fruiting period: October, fruit length: 2 cm, fruit color: green → yellow brown → light yellow, fruit diameter: long ellipse, seeds: light gray yellow with 10 ridges.


  • Eye
    Sapindales
  • Family
    Meliaceae
  • Genus
    Melia
  • Species
    M. azedarach
  • Type of flower
    Radial symmetrical flower
  • Array of flower
    Compound scape inflorescence
  • Petal shape
    Five-petal
  • Leaf type
    Odd pinnate compound leaf
  • Edge of the leaf
    Serrated
  • Life typeDeciduous tall tree
  • Flower colorsPurple
  • Colors of the leavesGreen
  • Fruit colorGreen
  • Height500.0 ~ 3000.0 cm
  • Diameter of flower2.0 ~ 2.0 cm

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