Flower Database

Loquat

Basic information
Flower Name
Loquat
Formal Name
Eriobotrya japonica
Alias
Japanese loquat, 枇杷, Japanese medlar, Loquat
Habitat
China
Morph
Evergreen trees, and fruit trees
Comment
Loquat , or Biwa (Scrub, Scientific name: Eriobotrya japonica) is native to China and is an evergreen tall tree of the the Rosaceae.
It is said that growth is slow, "Peach and chestnut take three years, persimmon takes eight years, Loquat takes thirteen years at the earliest."
As self-pollination (parthenocarpy) occurs, fruits are made even if there is only one tree. The leaves are large oblong and cortex, thick, leaves have serrated teeth, and they are attached to each other. Many small white flowers with fragrance bloom in the conical inflorescence extending from the branch to the autumn.
Bud is brown. The fruit produced in the early summer the following year is yellowish orange ovate, and hair is growing on the back of the skin. The flesh is made of high-quality fruit with a lot of moisture and a pale taste, but it is soft and painful. 4, 5 large red-brown seeds in the center of flesh. Fruits are processed into raw fish, fruit type, jelly, canned products etc Leaves are used for loquat tea and Chinese herbs. Trees are made of combs, canes, wood swords. Representative locality of frog is Nagasaki prefecture.
Generic name: loquat, scientific name:Eriobotrya japonica, aka Loquat, Japanese medlar, Japanese plum, Place of origin: China, Habitat: West of Kanto-Shikoku-Kyushu, soil environment: limestone, height: 3-10 m, dioecious, leaf quality: thick, hard, leaf color: dark green, leaf length: 10-25 cm, leaf width: petioles 5 cm, rippling in a leaf: oblong,: short, leaf: sawtooth wave, phyllotaxis: alternate, flower color: white, size: 2 cm ,: Petals five, anther: hair: dense, flowering October-next year February, self-pollination (parthenocarpy), fruiting period: may-in July, covered with fruit color: orange with a fruit-fake fruit, fruit diameter: 4-5 cm, fruit shape: obovate, uses: edible (fruits), cane and wooden sword (wood), medicinal (leaf), representative: Nagasaki Prefecture
Detailed information
Order
Rosales
Family
Rosaceae
Genus
Eriobotrya
Species
E. japonica
Flower type
Actinomorphic Flower
Flower array
Panicle
Petal shape
5petals
Leaf type
Oblong
Leaf edge
Serrated
Flowering place
Orchard Botanic garden park street, planting
Color
White
Season
Jan Feb Oct Nov Dec
Height
300  ~ 1000  [cm]
Diameter
2  ~ 2