Flower Database

Fritillaria japonica

Basic information
Flower Name
Fritillaria japonica
Formal Name
Fritilaria japonica
Alias
小貝母, フリチラリア・リチラリア・ジャポニカ, Fritilaria japonica, Kobarimo, 美濃小貝母
Habitat
Japan
Morph
cold-tolerant bulbous plant and perennial herbaceous plant
Comment
Fritillaria japonica or Kobaimo (scientific name: Fritilaria japonica) is a cold-tolerant bulbous plant and perennial herbaceous plant in the Limoceae, native to Japan. It grows in Honshu to Kinki regions. This is smaller than Baimo (scientific name: Fritilaria). In spring, a single downward-squaring, tubular, white-green flower blooms at the tip of the flower stem. There is a dark purple mesh-like spot on the inside of the petal. At the top of the flower stem, two leaves are oppositely formed, and three more leaves are formed on top. The flower name is based on the fact that the bulb resembles a bivalve. Also known as spring ephemeral (early spring plant). Black lily ( scientific name: Fritillaria camtschatcensis). It was designated as a threatened endangered species (VU) in the Ministry of the Environment category.
Generic name: Fritillaria japonica , Scientific name: Fritilaria japonica , also known as: Kobarimo, Origin: Japan, Habitat Distribution: Honshu to Kinki Regions, Environment: Mountain Forest Floor, Plant Height: 10-20 cm, Bulb: Shell-like, Two Scales Relative, Phyllome: Rotate, Petiole: None, Flowering Period: March to May, Flower Color: Light Green, Flower Diameter: 3 to 4 cm, Corolla: Tubular, Fruit Type: capsule, Seed: with Wing, Ministry of the Environment Category:Endangered species (VU).
Detailed information
Order
Liliales
Family
Liliaceae
Genus
Fritillaria
Species
F. japonica
Flower type
Actinomorphic Flower
Flower array
Solitary Inflorescence
Petal shape
Cylinder
Leaf type
Lanceolate
Leaf edge
Entire Fringe
Flowering place
Plain/fleet Alpine
Color
Cream, White
Season
Mar Apr May
Height
10  ~ 20  [cm]
Diameter
3  ~ 4