Flower Database

Arctic Iris

Basic information
Flower Name
Arctic Iris
Formal Name
Iris sanguinea
Alias
文目, 綾目, Iris sanguinea
Habitat
Japan, Korean Peninsula, Taiwan, China
Morph
perennial plamt
Comment
Iris sanguinea , commonly called as Ayame in Japan (Scientific name: Iris sanguinea) is a perennial herb of the genus Iris, which is native to Japan, Korea, Taiwan, and China. We grow wild on grassland of Hokkaido to Kyushu of Japan.
Hanashobu ( I. ensata var. ensata) and Kakitsubata (scientific name: Iris laevigata) bloom on the waterside, while iris blooms in a dry place.
From spring to summer, it makes the flower stems upright, does not branch, and attaches one to three blue-purple day flowers to the top of the stem. It looks like there are six petals, and three of them are sepals. The sepals are characterized by a blue-purple ground and yellow and white mesh pattern on the base. The petals (flower) rise up short. The leaves are separate genera, but it has a sword-like shape similar to Acorus calamus.
General name:Iris sanguinea, Scientific name: Iris sanguinea, Place of Origin: Japan, China, Plant height: 30 to 90 cm , Leaf length: 20 to 60 cm, Leaf width: 0.5 to 1 cm, Leaf main vein: Indistinct, Flower color: Blue-purple, Flowering period: May to July, Flower diameter: 6 to 8 cm, Outer flower cover piece length: 5 cm, outer flower cover piece width: 1 cm, outer flower cover piece color: yellow and white mesh pattern on blue purple ground.
Detailed information
Order
Asparagales
Family
Iridaceae
Genus
Iris
Species
I. sanguinea
Flower type
Actinomorphic Flower
Flower array
Solitary Inflorescence
Petal shape
Iris
Leaf type
Sword
Leaf edge
Entire Fringe
Flowering place
Plain/fleet
Color
Blue, Violet, White
Season
May Jun Jul
Height
60  ~ 80  [cm]
Diameter
7  ~ 8