Arctic Iris

Iris sanguinea

  • Arctic Iris
  • Arctic Iris
  • Arctic Iris
  • Arctic Iris
  • Arctic Iris
  • Arctic Iris
  • Flower name
    Arctic Iris
  • Scientific name
    Iris sanguinea
  • Alias文目, 綾目, Iris sanguinea
  • Place of originJapan, Korean Peninsula, Taiwan, China
  • Place of floweringFields and footpaths
  • Flowering seasonMay, June, July
  • Language of flowersGood letter, message, hope

What is Arctic Iris

Iris sanguinea , commonly called as Ayame in Japan (Scientific name: Iris sanguinea) is a perennial herb of the genus Iris, which is native to Japan, Korea, Taiwan, and China. We grow wild on grassland of Hokkaido to Kyushu of Japan.
Hanashobu ( I. ensata var. ensata) and Kakitsubata (scientific name: Iris laevigata) bloom on the waterside, while iris blooms in a dry place.
From spring to summer, it makes the flower stems upright, does not branch, and attaches one to three blue-purple day flowers to the top of the stem. It looks like there are six petals, and three of them are sepals. The sepals are characterized by a blue-purple ground and yellow and white mesh pattern on the base. The petals (flower) rise up short. The leaves are separate genera, but it has a sword-like shape similar to Acorus calamus.

General name:Iris sanguinea, Scientific name: Iris sanguinea, Place of Origin: Japan, China, Plant height: 30 to 90 cm , Leaf length: 20 to 60 cm, Leaf width: 0.5 to 1 cm, Leaf main vein: Indistinct, Flower color: Blue-purple, Flowering period: May to July, Flower diameter: 6 to 8 cm, Outer flower cover piece length: 5 cm, outer flower cover piece width: 1 cm, outer flower cover piece color: yellow and white mesh pattern on blue purple ground.


  • Eye
    Asparagales
  • Family
    Iridaceae
  • Genus
    Iris
  • Species
    I. sanguinea
  • Type of flower
    Radial symmetrical flower
  • Array of flower
    Monopetal inflorescence
  • Petal shape
    Iris-shaped
  • Leaf type
    sword-shaped
  • Edge of the leaf
    All edges
  • Life typeperennial plamt
  • Flower colorsPurple
  • Colors of the leavesGreen
  • Fruit colorGreen
  • Height60.0 ~ 80.0 cm
  • Diameter of flower7.0 ~ 8.0 cm

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