- Flower namePapaver somniferum
- Scientific namePapaver somniferum var. paeoniflorum
- Alias阿片ケシ, アヘンケシ, ソムニフェルム
- Place of origin Asia Minor, India, Iran and Armenia
- Place of floweringGarden, Park, Potted flower
- Flowering seasonMay, June, July
What is Papaver somniferum
Papaver somniferum or Opium poppy (Scientific name: Papaver somniferum) is a biennial herb of the poppy family, native to Asia Minor, India, Iran and Armenia.
It is the so-called opium poppy and contains morphine. The leaves are gray-green and hairless. The leaves are grayish-green and hairless, without petioles, and the stems are hugged by long oval leaves. It produces a single four-petaled flower facing upward at the top of the stem in spring or early summer. The flowers are large, red, white or purple. The flowers have a foul odor. The flowers are one-day flowers that fall the next day to form a spherical capsule. The capsule contains many small seeds.
Common name: Papaver somniferum, scientific name: Papaver somniferum, Place of origin: Asia Minor, India, Iran, Armenia; Plant height: 100-200 cm; Leaf color: grayish green; Inflorescence: alternate; Leaf shape: oblong-ovate; Leaf margin: wavy, Flower diameter: 10-15 cm; bloom pattern: single or double; corolla: 4-petaled; color: red, white or purple; flowering season: May-July.