Citrus tachibana

  • Citrus tachibana_img_0
    Citrus tachibana @ Akatsuka Botanical Garden
  • Citrus tachibana_img_1
    Citrus tachibana @ Akatsuka Botanical Garden

Basic information

Flower Name
Citrus tachibana
Formal Name
Citrus tachibana
Alias
Citrus tachibana, tachibana
Habitat
Japan
Morph
evergreen broad-leaved shrub

Comment

What is Citrus tachibana

Tachibana (Citrus tachibana) is a species of evergreen broad-leaved shrub in the mandarin orange family Rutaceae , and is endemic to Japan. It has been loved as a sacred tree since ancient times, appearing in the Kojiki (Records of Ancient Matters), Nihonshoki (Chronicles of Japan), and Manyoshu (Anthology of Man'yoshu). In modern times, however, it is rare and grows wild in the mountains along the coast. It is a wild tangerine with a brown trunk and green young branches with thorns. The leaves are cortical, stiff and shiny, and have a fresh fragrance when bruised. In late spring to early summer, it produces small white five-petaled flowers from the leaf axils. In autumn and early winter, it bears small yellow fruits, which are sour and cannot be eaten raw. It is used as a garden plant, potted plant, cut flower, fruit wine, jam, seasoning, and the leaves and flowers are used as designs for family crests and patterns.

Common name: Citrus tachibana, Scientific name: Citrus tachibana, Other names: Japanese Tachibana, Chrysanthemum Tachibana, Yamato Tachibana, Tachibo, etc., also known as Japanese tachibana, Chrysanthemum tachibana, Yamato tachibana, Tachibo, in the plant kingdom Magnoliophyta, Height: 2-6 m, Bark: brown, Branch color: green, Leaf texture: cortical, hard, shiny, Leaf color: dark green, leaf color: dark green.
Leaf color: dark green; leaf length: 3-6 cm; leaf shape: elliptic to oblong-ovate; inflorescence: alternate; leaf margin: entire; flower diameter: 2 cm; flower color: white; corolla shape: five-petaled; flowering season: May-June, Fruit diameter: 3 cm; Pericarp texture: smooth; Pericarp color: yellow
Fruit shape: spherical; Fruiting season: November-December; Uses: garden planting, pot planting, cut flowers, fruit wine, jam, seasoning, design (family crest or pattern).

Detailed information

Order
Sapindales
Family
Rutaceae
Genus
Citrus
Species
C. tachibana
Flower type
Actinomorphic Flower
Flower array
Solitary Inflorescence
Petal shape
5petals
Leaf type
Elliptic
Leaf edge
Entire Fringe
Flowering place
GardenCt flower・Flower arrangementBotanic gardenGraveyard、TemplePot flower
Color
White
Season
MayJun
Height
200 ~ 600 [cm]
Diameter
2 ~ 2

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