Flower Database

Wake robin

Basic information
Flower Name
Wake robin
Formal Name
Trillium smallii
延齢草, Wake robin, Enreisou
Japan, Sakhalin
Years of grass
Wake robin or Enreisou in Japan (scientific name: Trillium smallii) is a perennial of the family Melanthiaceae from Japan to Sakhara origin. It is a slow growing plant and it will take a long time to flowering. The characteristic of this plant is that it has a rounded rhombus with a large three telescopic leaves directly from the tip of the stem. From spring to early summer, a short floral pattern grows from the base of the flower stem, and red purple sepals appearing in flowers and six stamens, one flamenco with three tears bloom laterally. No flower petals and calendar like petals are attached. Spherical fruits of green or black purple are formed after flowers. The rhizome contains the toxic ingredient saponin, but in China it has long been known as a gastrointestinal medicine called Older Grass Root of Chinese medicine. Those whose calyx color is green are called Toshino Enoshi ((scientific name:Trillium smallii f. album). The flower language is "wisdom." It may be appropriate for a flower that makes quietly one ring of medicinal herbs (also poisonous) bloom over 10 years in the mountains.
Generic name: Wake robin, scientific name: Trillium smallii, Synonims: Trillium apetalon, ask:Enreisou, Origin: Japan, Sakhalin, Habitat distribution: Sakhalin, Japan in Hokkaido, Honshu, Shikoku and Kyushu, environment: wetlands in forests of lowlands and mountains, life type: perennials, stem length: Leaf color: green, leaf shape: rounded diamond, leaf diameter: 10 to 20 cm, petiole: none, petal: none, flowering period: April to June, Number of calyx: 3, flower color (actually calyx): red purple · green, calyx diameter: 2 cm, place where flowers come out: axillary, fruit color: green, black, use: herbal medicine.
Detailed information
T. smallii
Flower type
Actinomorphic Flower
Flower array
Petal shape
no petal
Leaf type
Leaf edge
Entire Fringe
Flowering place
Plain/fleet Low mountain Marsh
Red, Green, Violet
Apr May Jun
20  ~ 50  [cm]
1  ~ 2