Flower NameBriza maxima
Formal NameBriza maxima
Briza maxima (scientific name:Briza maxima) is a naturalized plant native to Europe and is an annual plant in the family Gramineae. In summer, it blooms from the upper branches of upright stems with small, oval-shaped, bell-shaped ears similar to those of coir worms. It is a weed that was introduced to Japan in the Meiji era (1868-1912) as an ornamental weed and then spread. The name of the flower comes from the fact that the shape of the small flowers that make up the small ears and the yellowish-brown color when they mature look like a koban, the currency of the Edo period. It is also called tawaramugi because its small flowers look like bales.
Generic name:Briza maxima,scientific name: Briza maxima L, also known as tawaramugi (Japanese), Place of Origin: Europe, Habitat: Central and South Honshu, Environment: roadside and rough ground, grass height: 10-60 cm, Leaf shape: elongated, leaf length: 0.5 cm, leaf width: 1 cm, Hair: hairless, leaf margins: rough, Inflorescence: conical , crown shape,Spikelet: formed from a dozen or so small flowers, shape of a small flower: elliptical, flattened to the right and left, scales puffed upshape: oval with flattened scales on each side; flowering season: July - September, small flower length: 2 cm, Small flowers: 1 cm wide, small flowers: light green to yellowish-brown throughout (the pair of calyxes on the head are brown).
Flower typeActinomorphic Flower
SeasonJul Aug Sep
Height10 ~ 60 [cm]
Diameter1 ~ 1