- Flower nameAesculus turbinata
- Scientific nameAesculus turbinata
- Alias栃の木, Japanese horse-chestnut, アエスクルス, つるばみ
- Place of originJapan
- Place of floweringLow mountains
- Flowering seasonMay, June
What is Aesculus turbinata
Aesculus turbinata or Tochinoki （Scientific name: Aesculus turbinata）is native to Japan and is a broadleaf tall tree of the family Sapindaceae. The bark is dark brown and the surface is peeled off and waved. The leaves are palmate compound leaves. Stems, flowers and leaves are big. In early summer, it produces an upright inflorescence from the branch tip and blooms a flower mixed with small male flowers and bisexual flowers. At the base of the white four-petaled flower there is a crimson mottle. Seven long male persimmons stick out of the flower. The flowers are the source of honey, the fruits are similar to chestnuts, and the starch is often used as a material for mulberry or dumpling. The material is a mortar and furniture. It is a prefecture tree of Tochigi prefecture. There are also red flowers Aesculus hippocastanum or Safflower chestnut (scientific name: Aesculus x carnea .
Common name: Aesculus turbinata, Scientific name: Aesculus turbinata, aka: Japanese horse-chestnut, aesculus ,Chrysanthemum, Habitat distribution: Japan from Hokkaido to Kyushu, tree height: 20 to 35 m, tree diameter: ~ 4 m, bark color: black-brown,Bark surface: large peeling and wavy pattern, leaf form: palmate compound leaf consisting of 5 to 9 small leaves, phylogeny: paired leaves, leaf: 13-30 cm, symmetrical flowers, flower color: white to light red, inflorescence length: 15-25 cm, flower diameter: 1.5 cm, flowering period: May to June, fruiting period: October, fruit shape: chestnut shape, fruit diameter: 3-5 cm, fruit color: brown.