Allium chinense

Allium chinense

  • Allium chinense
  • Allium chinense
  • Allium chinense
  • Allium chinense
  • Allium chinense
  • Allium chinense
  • Allium chinense
  • Allium chinense
  • Allium chinense
  • Allium chinense
  • Allium chinense
  • Allium chinense
  • Flower name
    Allium chinense
  • Scientific name
    Allium chinense
  • Aliasオオニラ, Rakkyo , 大韮, らっきょう、辣韮
  • Place of originHimalay
  • Place of floweringField
  • Flowering seasonOctober

What is Allium chinense

Allium chinense, Rakkyo or Chinese onion (scientific name: Allium chinense) is native to the Himalayan region and is a perennial plant (bulb plant) of the family Amaryllidaceae. In autumn, it makes 10 red-purple florets in inflorescences stretched from the tip of the flower stem. The stem becomes vegetable. Because allicin is contained in the ingredients, pungent and odor is intense. In the same genus, there are Shima Rakkyo, the stems are elongated and the bulbs are small, harvesting is early.

Generic name: Allium chinense, Rakkyo or Chinese onion, Scientific name: Allium chinense, Origin: Himalayan region (China), production location: Tottori sand dune (Tottori prefecture), Sanriyama beach (Fukui prefecture), plant height: 30 to 60 cm, leaf shape: elongated linear, soft, hollow, evergreen, leaves Introduction: Crowding from the linkage (bulb), flower color: red purple, flowering period: October, inflorescence form: scattering inflorescence, bulb shape: ovoid, elliptic shape, scaly color: white, harvest period: June to July , Taste: there is a peculiar smell, ingredient: potassium, allyl sulfide, efficacy: "allyl sulfide" enhances the effect of "vitamin B1" which is useful for cancer suppression and degradation of carbohydrate and lactic acid protein, and has antibacterial effect.


  • Eye
    Asparagales
  • Family
    Amaryllidaceae
  • Genus
    Allium
  • Species
    A. chinense
  • Type of flower
    Radial symmetrical flower
  • Array of flower
    Scattered inflorescence/ umbrella shape
  • Petal shape
    6-petaled flower
  • Leaf type
    Linear
  • Edge of the leaf
    All edges
  • Life typeperennial bulb plant
  • Flower colorsWhite
  • Colors of the leavesGreen
  • Fruit colorGreen
  • Height30.0 ~ 60.0 cm
  • Diameter of flower ~ cm

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