Place of floweringFields and footpaths, Low mountains
Flowering seasonJuly, August, September
What is Anemonopsis macrophylla
Anemonopsis macrophylla (scientific name: Anemonopsis macrophylla) is a perennial herb in the buttercup family, Ranunculaceae. It is slow-growing and grows sparsely in the semi-shade of moist soil in mountainous to deep mountainous areas in Honshu. It produces dark-colored stems from rhizomes and reaches a plant height of 40 to 100 cm (average: 80 cm).
It has both rhizomatous and stem leaves. The leaves are compound, 5 to 10 cm long, and have sharp serrations. Three to seven light purple flowers hang from weakly branched conical inflorescences. The flowers are downward-facing, with 7 to 10 large petal-like sepals and 10 to 13 slightly smaller petals clustered in a tubular shape around the stamens. The tips of the petals are dark purple. The flowers have a faint fragrance. Stamens are numerous. The pistil has an upper ovary and a long neck. The flower resembles a lotus and the leaves resemble those of Sarashina shoma, hence the name of the flower.
The perennial plant "Kirengeshoma (scientific name: Kirengeshoma palmata)," which belongs to a different family and genus (Hydrangeaceae), has yellow flowers similar to those of lotus (Anemonopsis macrophylla).
Common name: Anemonopsis macrophylla, scientific name: Anemonopsis macrophylla, habitat: Japan, living environment: Slow growing, sparse habitat in damp soil in mountainous to deep mountain areas of Honshu. Life-form: Perennial herb; Herb height: 40-100 cm (average: 80 cm); Petiole: present; Leaf type: rootstock and branchlets; Rootstock: petiole length 10-20 cm, leaf length 15-30 cm, leaf width 30-40 cm, 2-4 times 3-lobed compound leaf; Small leaf: leaf length 7-10 cm leaf: 7-10 cm long, 6-10 cm wide, ovate with 3 lobes, roughly serrate; leaf color: green; leaf stalk: petiolate, 1-20 cm long and 1-20 cm wide, 1-3 times tridentate, alternate; inflorescence: racemose, alternate; inflorescence shape: racemose to conical; number of petals: 8-10; flower color: white; sepal: light purple 3; stamens: numerous; flowering season: July to September; fruit type: pouch fruit.