Chelidonium majus

Chelidonium majus

  • Chelidonium majus
  • Chelidonium majus
  • Flower name
    Chelidonium majus
  • Scientific name
    Chelidonium majus
  • AliasGreater celandine
  • Place of originEurasia
  • Place of floweringFields and footpaths
  • Flowering seasonMay, June, July, August

What is Chelidonium majus

Chelidonium majus or greater celandine (scientific name: Chelidonium majus) is a perennial plant of the family Papaveraceae native to Eurasia. It grows naturally in sunny areas from Honshu to Kyushu, and is known as a pioneer plant that grows quickly during deforestation. It grows to a height of 50 to 80 cm. The leaves are rhizomatous and rosette-shaped, with two pinnate compound leaves. In summer, it produces yellow four-petaled flowers in a spreading inflorescence from the tip of the stem. The yellow juice that comes out when the stems are broken contains protoanemonin and protopine, which can be irritating to the touch. The whole plant is poisonous, but it can also be used as a medicinal herb.

Common name: Chelidonium majus, scientific name: Chelidonium majus, Aka: greater celandine, kusa-no-oh, origin: Eurasia, distribution: Honshu-in Kyushu, Japan and East Asia, environment: field sunny places, living type: perennial, plant: 50-100 cm in height, stem: hollow, leaf shape: 2-times pinnate compound leaf, leaf margin: fully lobed, petiole: long, Petiole: long; Leaf
Inflorescence: alternate; Inflorescence Form: sporadic; Petiole Color: yellow; Corolla Form: 4-petaled; Flower Diameter: 2 cm; Flowering Season: May-August; Fruit Form: capsular; Fruit Length: 2 cm, Flower name origin: because yellow juice is released when the stem is broken; Remarks: the whole plant is toxic.


  • Eye
    Ranunculales
  • Family
    Papaveraceae
  • Genus
    Chelidonium
  • Species
    C. majus
  • Type of flower
    Radial symmetrical flower
  • Array of flower
    Scattered inflorescence/ umbrella shape
  • Petal shape
    4 petals
  • Leaf type
    2 times pinnate compound leaf
  • Edge of the leaf
    Toothed
  • Life typeperennial plant
  • Flower colorsYellow
  • Colors of the leavesGreen
  • Fruit colorGreen
  • Height50.0 ~ 100.0 cm
  • Diameter of flower2.0 ~ 2.0 cm

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