Gmelina hystrix

Gmelina hystrix

  • Gmelina hystrix
  • Gmelina hystrix
  • Gmelina hystrix
  • Gmelina hystrix
  • Flower name
    Gmelina hystrix
  • Scientific name
    Gmelina hystrix
  • AliasGmelina hystrix, 黄花瓔珞, トゲヨウラク, 刺瓔珞, Hedgehog bush, Snapdragon tree, Parrot's Beak
  • Place of originIndia, the Philippines and Thailand
  • Place of floweringGarden, Greenhouse, Subtropical region, Bonsai, Potted flower
  • Flowering seasonMay, June, July, August, September, October, November

What is Gmelina hystrix

Gmelina hystrix, Parrot's Beak, Hedgehog bush or Snapdragon tree (Gmelina hystrix) is a tropical evergreen shrub of the genus Gmelina in the family Verbenaceae, native to India, the Philippines and Thailand. From spring to autumn, it produces yellow tubular flowers under brown bracts on a drooping inflorescence. The tips of the corolla are lobed four times.

Common name: Gmelina japonica, scientific name: Gmelina hystrix, synonym: Gmelina philippensis, also known as Gmelina joniaonia, Hedgehog bush, Snapdragon tree, Place of Origin:India, Philippines, Thailand, Type of Life:Tropical evergreen shrub, Tree Height:2~3m, Leaf Height:3~9cm, Leaf Width:2~4.5cm, Leaf Shape:Lanceolate to oblong, Leaf Color:Green, Leaf Edge:Full edge, Inflorescence:Petalous, Inflorescence: racemose; inflorescence length: 10-15 cm; flower color: yellow; flower shape: tubular; corolla length: 5-6 cm, Flower Inflorescence: tubular, corolla length: 5-6 cm, corolla diameter: 2.5-3 cm, flowering season: May-November, fruit type: kernel, uses: potted and medicinal.


  • Eye
    Lamiales
  • Family
    Verbenaceae
  • Genus
    Gmelina
  • Species
    Gmelina hystrix
  • Type of flower
    Left-right symmetrical flower
  • Array of flower
    Gross inflorescence
  • Petal shape
    Tubular
  • Leaf type
    lanceolate
  • Edge of the leaf
    All edges
  • Life typetropical evergreen shrub
  • Flower colorsYellow
  • Colors of the leavesGreen
  • Fruit colorGreen
  • Height200.0 ~ 300.0 cm
  • Diameter of flower2.5 ~ 3.0 cm

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