Barley

Hordeum vulgare

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  • Flower name
    Barley
  • Scientific name
    Hordeum vulgare
  • AliasBarley, 大麦, ハダカムギ, Hordeum vulgare
  • Place of originCentral Asia such as Turkey and Iran
  • Place of floweringField
  • Flowering seasonJanuary, February, March, April, May
  • Language of flowersProsperity

What is Barley

First of all, "wheat" of the theme song "Mugi no Uta" (Song of wheat, Miyuki Nakajima, composition and songs) of NHK morning continuous TV novel "Massan" is "barley", and this " Massan "is the founder of Nikka Whiskey who first made a first-class whiskey in Japan.

The famous label of Nikka whiskey is designed with a man who grew a single beard with barley on one hand and whiskey glass on the other hand. Because only pure whiskey raw material is barley malt. So what kind of plant is barley? Let 's see from now.

Barley (scientific name: Hordeum vulgar) is native to Central Asia such as Turkey and Iran, and it is two year's grain of the family Poaceae. It is also called Hordeum vulgare, also known as Hadaka-mugi (naked barley) in Japanese. It is the oldest crop in the world containing many starch and cultivated as edible. Dietary fiber is about 30 times that of white rice.
For upright stems, linear and lanceolate branches and leaves are attached to each other. In early spring, spikes are stretched from the tip of the stem and green flowers are blooming. Flowers are stitched like 3 strands alternately on each side of the center pole. One flower blooms in the ear. According to the number of rows of fruits and vegetables, there are "Rokujo" (6 rows of fruits), Shijo, two-row wheat in cultivars. Grains and stems (culm) are used, and fruits are raw materials for edible, beer · miso, herbal medicine "barley", culm is used for hats.

Common name: Barley, Scientific name: Hordeum vulgare, aka:Hordeum vulgare, origin: Central Asia, plant height: 100 - 120 cm, leaf color · Ear color: green, leaves: alternate, leaf shape: linear or lanceolate form, circulation period: January to May, use: main ingredient of beer, flowers.


  • Eye
    Poales
  • Family
    Poaceae
  • Genus
    Hordeum
  • Species
    H. vulgare
  • Type of flower
    Radial symmetrical flower
  • Array of flower
    Spikelet inflorescence
  • Petal shape
    Small ears
  • Leaf type
    Linear
  • Edge of the leaf
    All edges
  • Life type two year's grain
  • Flower colors
  • Colors of the leavesGreen
  • Fruit colorGreen
  • Height100.0 ~ 120.0 cm
  • Diameter of flower0.1 ~ 0.2 cm

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