Rosa canina｜Romanian national flower
- Flower nameRosa canina｜Romanian national flower
- Scientific nameRosa canina
- Aliasノバラ, dog rose, 犬薔薇, Rosa canina
- Place of originEurope, northwest Africa, and western Asia
- Place of floweringFields and footpaths, Overseas
- Flowering seasonJune, July
- Language of flowersA simple love
What is Rosa canina｜Romanian national flower
Rosa canina or the dog rose (scientific name: Rosa canina) is an evergreen vine shrub of the rose family, Rosaceae, native to Europe, North Africa, and Western Asia. It is considered the national flower of Romania. It is also called "wild rose" in its scientific name. The "Wild rose" in Goethe's poem and Schubert's music is said to be this wild rose.
The tree is 1 to 5 meters tall. It grows quickly, has thorny branches, and climbs by twining itself around other plants. It has pinnate compound leaves with 5 to 7 lobes. The flowers are 4-6 cm long, 5-petaled, white to pink, and fragrant. The fruit that follows the flowers is called the rose hip, which is 1.5 to 2 cm in diameter, oval in shape, vermilion-red when ripe, and edible. The fruits contain antioxidants such as vitamin C and are used in herbal teas, jams, and syrups.
There are two theories as to the origin of the flower's name. One is that it was given the name "dog" because it has no appreciable value as a rose flower. The other is that when a rabies epidemic broke out, people believed that the root of this rose had sterilizing and antibacterial properties, so it was used as a disinfectant to prevent infection.
Common name: Rosa canina,, scientific name: Rosa canina, aka: dog rose, height: 1-5 m, leaf shape: pinnate compound leaf, number of small leaves: 5-7, flower diameter: 4-6 cm, flower color: white to pink, petal number 5; fragrance: fragrant on flower; fruit diameter: 1.5-2 cm; fruit color: vermilion-red; fruit shape: oval; uses: garden plantings, potted plantings, grafted rootstock, herb tea, jam, syrup (fruit).