national flower of the Czech Republic
- Flower nameTilia europaea
- Scientific nameTilia-europaea
- Aliasライムツリー, lime tree, 西洋科の木, セイヨウボダイジュ, 西洋菩提樹, Linden, リンデンバウム, Lindenbaum
- Place of origin
- Place of floweringBotanical Gardens, Overseas, Low mountains, Park, Streets, Planting, Specific area
- Flowering seasonJune, July
What is Tilia europaea
Tilia europaea, Linden tree or Linden (scientific name) is a deciduous tree of the family Malvales. It is the national flower of the Czech Republic.
It is a natural hybrid of the European natsubodige (T. platyphyllos, summer linden) and the winter linden (T. cordat, winter linden).
It is also known as 'Lime tree' or 'Linden' in English, or Lindenbaum in German. It is known as the roadside tree in Unter den Linden, Germany, and as the tree in Schubert's song "Lindenbaum". The tree stands erect and can reach a height of 20 to 30 meters. In early summer, the tree produces 5 to 10 small, cream-colored, five-petaled flowers with a strong lemon fragrance in concentrated inflorescences that emerge downward from the leaf axils.
The wood is used to make musical instruments and woodworking materials, the bark is used to make rope and fiber for clothing, and the flowers are used to make herb tea and honey.
Common name: Tilia europaea, Linden tree, Linden, common lime , common linden , European lime , basswood , linden tree, Origin: Natural hybrid species, Tree: Erect, Height: 20-30 m, Leaf color: Green, Leaf shape: broadly ovate, Leaf blade: 5-7.5 cm, Leaf width: 3.5-5.5 cm, Phyllotaxy: alternate, Leaf margin: serrate, Flower Inflorescence shape: drooping clustered inflorescence; number of flowers per inflorescence: 5-10; flower color: light yellow; flower diameter: 1.5 cm; petals: 5; number of stamens: 30-35; fragrance: strongly fragrant; flowering season: June - July; fruit type: firm; fruit shape: globose; fruit diameter Fruit size: 0.8 cm, Fruiting season: October, Uses: roadside tree (Unter den Linden, Germany is famous), wood for musical instruments and woodwork, bark for rope and clothing fiber, herb tea, honey, Notes: Nectar source plant.