Saccharum officinarum

  • Saccharum officinarum_img_0
    Saccharum officinarum @ OKINAWA Fkuit Land

Basic information

Flower Name
Saccharum officinarum
Formal Name
Saccharum officinarum
raw material of sugar.


What is Saccharum officinarum

Saccharum officinarum or Sugarcane(scientific name: Saccharum officinarum) is native to the Ganges River Basin of India and is a plant of the genus Sugarcane. Subtropical region - It is cultivated in tropical fields. It is a useful agricultural product that will be the raw material of sugar. It came to Japan from China Fujian Province to the Amami Islands. Sugar cane as a raw material has a height of 3 m. The appearance seems to be a huge Susuki. Leaves are elongated and linear, and the base of the stem is made woody. Stems like bamboo are clogged between nodes and contain sugar. It is medullary to use, eat raw food, cooking materials, sugar such as sugar and brown sugar. Furthermore, various kinds of foods are made from sugar, and it becomes alcoholic beverages such as brown sugar distilled spirit and rum.
In addition, ethanol for industrial use and pulp from milk residue are made as a vegetable fuel to replace gasoline. Sugar cane is used as a raw material to squeeze juice and boiled down, brown sugar (clozanta), another name is brown sugar (kokuto). There are also three warm sugar (San Ontou) and Wasanbon that left molasses. A typical sweet candy using brown sugar is "Karin Tou". This is made by putting sugar, water, yeast, salt, etc. in the flour, making it a short stick, fried in oil, dried with brown sugar nectar.

Common name: Saccharum officinarum or Sugarcane, Scientific name: Saccharum officinarum, also known as: sugar cane, Ogura (Okinawa dialect), ugarcane (English name), Plant name Ostrichoderma Monocotyledonous rice Oryza sativa Genus Sugarcane, Origin : Indian Ganges river basin, habitat distribution: Okinawa islands, (sub) tropical regions such as Brazil, India, China, environment: farmland, plant height: 300 cm, leaf color: green, leaf shape: elongated linear, stem: similar to bamboo Harvest: It takes one year from planting to harvesting, harvesting period: winter, use: marrow as raw meal, cooking ingredients, various sugars such as sugar and brown sugar from various sugars Foods are made, alcoholic beverages such as brown sugar shochu and rum wine, raw materials for the production of ethyl alcohol for industrial use, and milk powder are used for pulp and the like. When eating raw: Since the outer skin is hard, peel it with a knife, taste the juice of the marrow, and the kid exhaling. Remarks: To Japan, from Fujian Province of China to the Amami Islands.

Detailed information

S. officinarum
Flower type
Actinomorphic Flower
Flower array
Spike Inflorescence
Petal shape
Leaf type
Leaf edge
Entire Fringe
Flowering place
200 ~ 300  [cm]
0.2 ~ 0.3

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