Sandalwood

  • Sandalwood_img_0
    Sandalwood @ Kauai Iland

Basic information

Flower Name
Sandalwood
Formal Name
Santalum album
Alias
Santalum album, Sandalwood, candana
Habitat
India
Morph
Semi-parasitic tropical evergreen tree

Comment

What is Sandalwood

Sandalwood , scientific name:Santalum album , is native to India, and is a tropical semiparasitic evergreen tree of the department Santalaceae , of the Santalum genus. Independently during the germination of life to grow and absorbing roots, take water and nutrients from the roots of other plants. Chlorophyll in leaves, on the other hand, because the wild water and nutrients and photosynthesis. Aromatic wood has a refreshing scent and is highly prized. Up to 15 m in height. The leaves are long oval to oval in shape and have the opposite. It is a dioecious. In late spring the branches which cymes of cone-shaped little flowers bloom. Flower color is green at first, later changes to the 暗紅 purple. Corolla is campanulate flower has 4 pieces. Accessories, fans, incense, medicinal and aromatic purposes.Related species called mnimbijakdan exists in Japan's Ogasawara.

Generic name: Sandalwood , scientific name:Santalum album, aka: sandalwood, origin: India, Tropical evergreen tree of life type: semi-parasitic, height: 8-15 m, Kanta: 25-30 cm, leaf: long ovoid of needles elliptic shape, leaf arrangement: opposite, leaf length: 5-8 cm, leaf margin: entire, petiole length: 1-1, 5 cm, dioecious, inflorescence shape: cone-shaped inflorescence, flower diameter:0.4-0.5cm, flower color: yellow-green → darke red-purple, Star: bell-shaped, flower piece: 4 photos, flowering period: may, fruit type; stone fruit, fruit shape: spherical, the fruit diameter: 1 cm, fruit color: Red-Black mature, heartwood: aromatic, heartwood colour: pale yellow, uses: aromatic, Buddha, Buddhist, fan, sculpture, craftwork, incense, perfume, medicinal

Detailed information

Order
Santalales
Family
Santalaceae
Genus
Santalum
Species
S. album
Flower type
Actinomorphic Flower
Flower array
Cyme
Petal shape
Campanulate
Leaf type
Elliptic
Leaf edge
Entire Fringe
Flowering place
(sub-) Tropical areaGraveyard、Temple
Color
Red, Yellow
Season
May
Height
800 ~ 1500 [cm]
Diameter
0.4 ~ 0.5

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