Flower NameBalloon flower
Formal NamePlatycodon grandiflorus
Alias桔梗, Balloon flower, Chinese bellflower
HabitatJapan , Siberia and China
Balloon flower (scientific name: Platycodon grandiflorus) is a native to Japan , Siberia and China and is a perennial herb of Campanulaceae. It is one of the seven herbs of autumn〈/a〉 and brings star-shaped flowers that make feel a frugal Japanese style. Since the flower shape before flowering is like a balloon, in English it is called "balloon flower". There are many single-blooming species, and the garden cultivars include purple double-blossom Shinshiden and dwarf variety variety Samidare . In folk remedy, it is mainly used as an antipyretic, analgesic, expectorant, using the ingredient "saponin" contained in the root. In the Manyo period, it is called morning glory, there is a famous Tanka, Yamanouenookura wrote autumn seven herbs in Manyoshu. Flower language is "unchanging love". Even if the evacuation destination changes during the war time, I will continue to plant this flower in the garden and depend on my daughter 's desire to wait forever for my lover. There is also a theory that it is said that the name of flower was taken from the name of this daughter, and that the reading of Chinese medicine "Kichiko" changed to "Kikyo".
General name : Balloon flower , Scientific name: Platycodon grandiflorus (platicodone), aka : Chinese Bellflower, Origin: Japan,Siberia, China, plant height: 50-100 cm, flower color: Blue purple · white · peach, flower diameter: 3-5 cm, flower: single, double, Aperture, flowering time: from June to September.
Flower typeZygomorphic Flower
Flower arraySolitary Inflorescence
Flowering placePlain/fleet Alpine
ColorRed, Pink, Blue, Brown, Violet
SeasonJun Jul Aug Sep
Height50 ~ 100 [cm]
Diameter3 ~ 5