Ricinus communis

  • Ricinus communis_img_0
    Ricinus communis @ Makino botanical garden
  • Ricinus communis_img_1
    Ricinus communis @ Makino botanical garden
  • Ricinus communis_img_2
    Ricinus communis @ Koishikawa Botanical Garden

Basic information

Flower Name
Ricinus communis
Formal Name
Ricinus commnis l.
Alias
Castor bean
Habitat
East Africa
Morph
annual or perennial plant

Comment

What is Ricinus communis

Ricinus communis (scientific name:Ricinus commnis L.) is an annual (in temperate regions) and perennial (in tropical regions) herbaceous plant in the family Euphorbiaceae native to East Africa. The leaves are green, palmate, serrated, and alternate. In late summer to early autumn, the conical inflorescence grows from the center tip of the leaf axil, with red female flowers above and pale yellow male flowers below. It produces a flower. The fruit is a capsule, with an oval seed pod. The tree is considered to be an ornamental plant. The seeds are used to make castor oil, which can be toxic, and the squeezed oil is used to make castor oil.

Common name: Ricinus communis, scientific name:Ricinus commnis L., aka:Castor bean, origin: East Africa, living type: one year (temperate) grasses or perennials (tropics) , plant height: 200 cm, Leaf shape: palmate shape, Leaf color: green, Leaf margin: serrated, leaf inflorescence: alternate, dioecious with female flowers above and male flowers below, inflorescence: conical, female flower color: red, Male flowers: pale yellow, flowering time: August-September, fruit: capsule, seed shape: oval, seed color: light brown with blackish brown spots on a light brown background.
Note: Toxic to seeds, use: houseplants, laxatives (seeds) in Chinese medicine.

Detailed information

Order
Malpighiales
Family
Euphorbiaceae
Genus
Ricinus
Species
R. communis
Flower type
Actinomorphic Flower
Flower array
Panicle
Petal shape
Cupulate
Leaf type
Palmate
Leaf edge
Serrated
Flowering place
Plain/fleet
Color
Red, Cream
Season
AugSep
Height
200 ~ 200 [cm]
Diameter
0.6 ~ 0.8

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